It is my understanding that Einstein produced the EPR paper to necessarily elucidate the existence of physical properties that could not exist prior to measurement. That was his assumption which was later proven incorrect. However, there is another consequence of quantum mechanics: quantum tunneling. Did he not know about this? Was it unaware at that time that tunneling exists or was there no empirical evidence to support tunneling?
Here's why I think quantum tunneling would've dissuaded Einstein for making his case against quantum mechanics. If position eigenstates are really determined prior to measurement, then it seems to be no reason whatsoever why you would expect a particle to cross a high energy barrier unless you accept the probabilistic wavefunction as the correct description for the position eigenfunctions.