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Would Aristotle, and perhaps through him, Socrates and Plato, be nearly as widely known today and as influential as he was before, say, Galileo had he not be the teacher of a very famous and powerful conqueror?

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    $\begingroup$ Not really. It is likely because Aristotle was already famous that he was hired as Alexander's tutor. Late Athenian school promoted Plato and Aristotle, Augustine even started as a neo-Platonist. And biography, or Alexander's conquests, mattered little to either Islamic scholars or scholastics, if they even knew of them. Aristotle's and Plato's corpus that reached Europe through Middle East or Byzantium did not contain biographies. Roman empire and its rulers were much more prominent because they were directly referenced in the New Testament. $\endgroup$ – Conifold Sep 11 at 4:58
  • $\begingroup$ I am pretty sure alexander's conquests were known to scholars throughout the parts of the world that he conquered and i don't know why scholars in these places would not have cared. $\endgroup$ – releseabe Sep 11 at 5:11
  • $\begingroup$ For example, they discuss fine points of prime mover and agent intellect at great length, but do not mention Aristotle's and Plato's hometown. And Alexander's conquests were long superseded by Rome, Barbarian Invasions, Persian wars, first with Rome and then with Arabs, Crusades, etc. Alexander's empire did not last, the elevation of Hellenism and his renewed fame are more of a side effect of the Renaissance and Enlightenment's interest in the "light of antiquity" contra the "dark ages". $\endgroup$ – Conifold Sep 11 at 5:19

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