The first, known to me, drawing of a simulated view of Earth from outside—roughly passable* by modern standards—is this pic from 1834 attributed to Henry De la Beche
Was he the first who tried hard? Or you know earlier artworks presenting the scene using the best scientific knowledge available?
* De la Beche drew a large dark spot somewhere around Lake Chad in Africa, but completely missed a permanent (and anyway much larger) Lake Victoria. And the limb doesn’t look impressive – the most striking error is overextended Sea of Okhotsk. Otherwise the image appears to have a fairly good accuracy for a distant (a hundred megametres or more) view of the planet.