I was wondering if the psychophysicists and brain anatomists from 1800 up until 1860s made any novel, noteworthy philosophical speculations about the emotions and cognition.If they did is there any evidence that they influenced later philosophers like Peirce and William James.

  • $\begingroup$ This belongs to psychology.SE rather than the history of science as the historical aspect is superficial. $\endgroup$ Nov 27, 2020 at 13:55
  • $\begingroup$ @MoziburUllah it probably fits in both psych and hsm SEs . Where is conifold when you need him? $\endgroup$
    – GEP
    Nov 27, 2020 at 19:36
  • $\begingroup$ It's more psychology than history ... $\endgroup$ Nov 27, 2020 at 19:44
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    $\begingroup$ You mean like associationism about mind that dominated the scene at the time? It goes back to Locke and Hume, and Peirce reproduces many Humean conceptions and even phrasing ("trains of thought") in, say, Four Incapacities. James's "stream of consciousness" also has associationist roots. See Ziak's Associationism in Pragmatism on how Peirce transformed associationism into non-mechanistic semiotic. $\endgroup$
    – Conifold
    Nov 28, 2020 at 8:34
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    $\begingroup$ Floridi in Scepticism and the Search for Knowledge writes that "Locke is the first epistemologist who emphasizes the role of uneasiness in the search for knowledge, in this way anticipating some aspects of Peirce's theory of doubt and belief" citing Essay Concerning Human Understanding, book II, ch. XXI, 1-34. Peirce himself names Bain as the influence, see Feodorov, Habit Beyond Psychology:"Bain is closest to pragmatism and to Peirce in particular when he opposes belief to doubt". $\endgroup$
    – Conifold
    Nov 28, 2020 at 11:26


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