The time when Thomson discovered electrons, around 1897, what did the scientific community think about the atomic hypothesis? Was there a majoritarian consensus that matter is made of indivisible neutral atoms and was that based on evidence?
Here is why I am asking this. As far as I know, Thomson gave his plum-pudding model in 1904 based on (1) the atoms are electrically neutral and (2) they contain negatively charged electrons. This suggests to me that it was clear that matter is not continuous but made of neutral atoms at that time. But as far as I know, Boltzmann was severely criticized for his belief in the atomic hypothesis. Please correct my facts.