I am thinking about the change from Newtonian mechanics to quantum physics and relativity. I note that we have accepted the words "ultraviolet catastrophe" in connection with the situation that lead to steps towards quantum physics.
We have a number of similar paradoxes, or perhaps I should say strange things since catastrophes and paradoxes perhaps differ somewhat, for relativity. However, the paradoxes are often attributed to the new theory of special relativity rather than the problems experienced with old state of affairs. I am thinking of the “twin paradox” and “Ehrenfest’s paradox” for calculating the perimeter of a spinning cylinder. The “Ehrenfest’s paradox” seems to lie between the special and the general theory of relativity.
Can we say the Lorentz contraction based on Maxwell’s equations, or the absence of the ether in the Michelson-Morley experiment felt like a paradox to contemporary physicist, or possibly a catastrophe, on equal footing with the ultraviolet catastrophy or was the transition to Einstein’s physics more a gradual change with less dramatic impressions?