Whenever I read some Mathematic theories, I find it they are typically done by some people living in Germany. Eg: Riemann, Gauss, Moses Schoenfinkel etc. I want to know what Germany did to arise so many Mathematicians?

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    $\begingroup$ At the time of Gauss and Riemann Germany did not even exist. Instead it was a collection of independent German-speaking states, principalities... As for Moses Il"ich Schoenfinkel, read his Wikipeadia page. $\endgroup$ Feb 28, 2023 at 17:22
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    $\begingroup$ After the formation of the German Empire, Chancellor (?) Otto von Bismarck strongly promoted science and engineering, which seems to have been a novelty for the times. $\endgroup$ Feb 28, 2023 at 18:38
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    $\begingroup$ So you never read about theories of Lagrange, Cauchy, Galois, Lobachevsky, Boole, Hamilton, Peano, Poincare, Lebesgue, Cartan, Kolmogorov, Banach, Schwartz, von Neumann, Tarski, MacLane, Grothendieck, Atiyah, Mandelbrot, Yau, Gromov, Wiles, Voevodsky, Perelman or Tao? $\endgroup$
    – Conifold
    Mar 1, 2023 at 7:36
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    $\begingroup$ hsm.stackexchange.com/questions/666/… $\endgroup$ Mar 1, 2023 at 14:08
  • $\begingroup$ One factor certainly is that the state in Germany promoted collective economic development in the late 19thC (at a time when Britain, for example, was still hidebound by liberal economic thought), and that causes the demand and usefulness of scientific innovations to increase. Growing industrialisation - especially where there is widespread craft production - also gives people more opportunity to study and more mental stimulus. $\endgroup$
    – Steve
    Mar 2, 2023 at 7:48


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