I have recently become fascinated by the history of electricity. I have researched and come up with the following observations:
- Static electricity was discovered in early times, by phenomena such as rubbing amber and watching dust attract/ rubbing turning glass also attracting light objects.
- It was found that some materials attracted and repelled when charged.
- It was found the some materials conduct the electricity, and electric charge could be transferred from one object to another, known as electric current.
- A kite experiment found that a metal key became electrically charged when struck by lightning, and where able to transfer lightning strikes away from buildings through a rod and wire
- Leyden Jar was clever and it was found to store electric charge, and discharge it by connecting the outside and inside via a conductor, a process we now now occurs due to electric field pushing electrons from the outside metal
- Someone differentiated magnetic force from electrical forces, the reason I am not sure of, I think its because objects appeared to be magnetic by nature and assert a particular type of force.
- Volta was intrigued by an experiment involving frogs and eventually discovered the voltaic pile, allowing for a constant flow of electric charge known as first battery.
- He developed a better battery, and then people realised that the magnetic force on the compass interacted with a circuit.
- This eventually led to Ampere's Laws, which eventually led to Faraday's law, allowing for mechanical generation of electricity.
- Fast forward a bit and someone discovered the electron, and eventually calculated its mass using previously established laws associated with electric fields.
I was wondering if there is a more detailed recount of events, that is not too long, that I can read about to enrich my understanding of the fundamentals. My knowledge about early magnetism is sketchy, and my recounts are very shallow and not very detailed. I am moreso interested in the practical side of thing, and talking about what people where calling what back in the time, rather than talking about complex stuff that is around is today, because that kind of defeats the purpose of the exercise in my opinion.
Any help is appreciated; thank you so much.