Why is the wreath product so named?

If possible, please provide a citation.

  • $\begingroup$ Cross-posted from Mathematics. $\endgroup$
    – HDE 226868
    Mar 8, 2015 at 14:37
  • $\begingroup$ Not a direct answer, but at www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/Biographies/Kaluznin.html they write that Kaluznin introduced wreath products of abstract groups while Jordan, Specht, and Polya had earlier worked with wreath products of permutation groups. $\endgroup$
    – KCd
    Mar 8, 2015 at 14:54
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ In a footnote on p. 164 of Harary's "Graph Theory" (online at dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/705364.pdf) it says Polya called it Gruppenkranz and Littlewood introduced the name wreath product in his book "Theory of Group Characters" (1940). $\endgroup$
    – KCd
    Mar 8, 2015 at 15:28
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ That is Littlewood as in Littlewood-Richardson rule, not as in Hardy and Littlewood. $\endgroup$
    – KCd
    Mar 8, 2015 at 15:43


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