# Who was the first to use the phrase “the standard model” of something?

I was doing some reading on stellar structure, and I noticed the phrase "the standard solar model" used to describe the structure of the Sun, and stars in general. It reminded me of the Standard Model of particle physics. Also, the $\Lambda$-CDM model is sometimes referred to as "the standard model of cosmology." There are other uses of the phrase.

Who first used the phrase "the standard model" to describe a theory? Was it first applied to the Standard Model of particle physics, or was it used somewhere else?

• After reading this question I started wondering about the origins of other generic terms like "classical theory" or "canonical representation". According to Wikipedia, "classical mechanics" was only coined at the beginning of 20th century, but it doesn't say by whom or gives any references. – Conifold Apr 5 '15 at 23:59
• There is a related thread on History SE history.stackexchange.com/questions/9299/… "The term "standard model" was faddish in several different scientific contexts in the 1960s and 1970s, however, I think the reason it became adopted permanently in physics was the influence of the use of the term in astronomy. In astronomy the model of the evolution of the universe which today we know as the "Big Bang Theory", was frequently referred to as the "standard model"... " – Conifold Apr 28 '15 at 21:43
• No idea if it's related but the term was very popular for guitars in the 50s. There is also a standard model in cryptography, dating from around the same time too. – VicAche Apr 30 '15 at 23:57