Numbers were introduced in our lives far before we had the capability to understand their beauties. But as mathematics aspirant I really want to know how they all evolved and in what way number theory took its own path. May be the answer will be too descriptive, So any link or book will work. Please if anybody know as such link and book refer it (except Wikipedia).

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    $\begingroup$ This seems extremely (overly so!) broad. I think you need to focus the question a bit to restrict to either a certain period or a certain geographical area, for this question to be a bit more useful. Coincidentally, I do know of a little book by Weil that may interest you. $\endgroup$ – Danu May 22 '15 at 12:12
  • $\begingroup$ And yeah it is and actually I don't know what I don't want to know, I want to know from the beginning I guess so posted :( $\endgroup$ – Demietra95 May 22 '15 at 12:14
  • $\begingroup$ Weil's book requires a familiarity with number theory already to appreciate what he is saying. Dickson wrote a 3-volume "History of the Theory of Numbers," which is more of a laundry list of what has been done up until the early 20th century rather than a thoughtful analysis of the work. $\endgroup$ – KCd May 22 '15 at 12:38
  • $\begingroup$ Ok. I am not completely unfamiliar neither an expert. I have studied David Burton's book of number theory will it be okay for me to study it? $\endgroup$ – Demietra95 May 22 '15 at 12:41
  • $\begingroup$ Just get a copy from the library and try. $\endgroup$ – KCd May 22 '15 at 12:43

There is a very comprehensive (several volumes) History of number theory by Dickson, https://archive.org/details/historyoftheoryo01dick Here is a much shorter and more modern one:

Weil, André Number theory. An approach through history from Hammurapi to Legendre. Reprint of the 1984 edition. Basel: Birkhäuser (ISBN 978-0-8176-4565-6/pbk; 978-0-8176-4571-7/ebook). xxii, 376 p. EUR 34.90/net; SFR 59.90 (2007).

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