The prefix "ortho-" means straight or right; "meta-" means beyond or after; "para-" means beside or along. How, then, did ortho-, meta- and para- come to refer to the carbon positions one, two, and three positions away from a reference point on a benzene?
If we have two groups on a benzene ring immediately beside one another, we do not denote the positions by para-, which would seem logical given its meaning, but instead ortho-. For instance, a benzene ring with two hydroxyl (-OH) groups on immediate positions of a benzene ring can be called para-hydroxybenzene (with the common name "quinone"). What is the etymological history that led to the rather counterintuitive use of these prefixes in organic chemistry?