The first paragraph of Albert Einstein's paper On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies, written in 1905, mentions the failure of attempts to detect the earth's motion through the luminiferous aether. Page 48 of Walter Isaacson's biography of Einstein says that as a graduate student Einstein read a paper by Wilhelm Wien that described the failures of thirteen different experiments that tried to measure motion through the aether.
If there were so many, then why is only one of them so famous?
PS: Possibly the paper of Wien is this one. I haven't looked at it for more than a few seconds yet. Isaacson's biography of Einstein actually doesn't cite the paper he says Einstein read. The item I linked to here mentions the Michelson–Morley experiment.