I read at many places that Leibniz made a lot of contributions to biology, anatomy, medicine, paleontology and other related life sciences, but I couldn't find concrete contributions of him to these fields. I'm not looking for philosophical remarks that have far reaching meaning (for example, his distinction between organic bodies and "artificial" machines) but rather for more practical contributions. I'm far from being an expert to Leibniz's writings and that is why i'm asking this question. I'm very curious to discover Leibniz's wisdom so if someone has references, please write them down.
- Justin Smith,Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life (2011), page 16:
Looking at his career as a whole, we may say that Leibniz’s biological interests lie at the center of at least three core issues in his philosophy:
The problem of the structure and motion of the physical world, both of living entities as normally understood as well as of apparently lifeless things.
The problem of coming into being, or generation.
Of course, no "practical" contribution.
See also Leibniz's contribution to paleontology, with his principal work on this subject, Protogaea, unpublished in his lifetime.