The chemical composition of water was discovered about 1784, but when has it been discovered that it is also composed of acid and base?

  • $\begingroup$ Why do you think this? $\endgroup$
    – Spencer
    Jun 10 '17 at 22:17
  • $\begingroup$ Do you mean "that it is also composed of hydroxide and hydronium ions"? Those are not an acid and a base. $\endgroup$ Jun 11 '17 at 0:14
  • $\begingroup$ @Spencer: ((It is difficult to explain explicitly why I consider acids and bases are crucial in a fundamental sense (you would simply think that it is strange) because it is a discarded and then heavily excluded idea. Responsible for this is this monster here.)) − But consider that the classical neutralization reaction in aqueous solution occurs not by the salt-, but by the water-formation. The components of the salt are only so called spectator ions. $\endgroup$
    – user5903
    Jun 11 '17 at 1:24
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    $\begingroup$ @Zeus, since you mentioned specifically the neutralization reaction, what you seem to be referring to is Arrhenius theory of acids and bases. It was developed in the 1880s and Arrhenius received a Nobel prize for it. Since the early 20th century other people introduced new concepts of acids and bases, e.g. Bronsted-Lowry theory of proton donation and acception. $\endgroup$ Jun 11 '17 at 14:18
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    $\begingroup$ … who was chief of the “Chemical Abstracts” of that time (Jahres-Bericht über die Fortschritte der Chemie und Mineralogie, Laupp’sche Buchhandlung, Tübingen; which appeared yearly, since 1821), and refused to record it? − Because he thought that Liebig’s scientific views are a sign of mental illness, according to unpublished letters of Berzelius (Ostwald, W.: Zur Geschichte der Wissenschaft. Vier Manuskripte aus dem Nachlass von Wilhelm Ostwald, Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft Leipzig, 1985, p. 207). $\endgroup$
    – user5903
    Jun 11 '17 at 15:36

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