German (and Austrian) scientists of the late 19th - early 20th centuries seem to have been the backbone of most of modern physics - namely quantum theory/mechanics. The following are a few predominant names:
- Max Planck
- Albert Einstein
- Max Born
- Werner Heisenberg
- Erwin Schrödinger (Austrian)
- Wolfgang Pauli (Austrian/Swiss)
- and many more
What was it that caused so many brilliant minds to come out of this area, especially around this time? Was their education system simply that good? Perhaps the culture simply valued knowledge more (we all know of the brilliant German philosophers, as well)?
I know that the Soviet education system (especially towards the mid 1900s) was excellent - Stalin, despite some scientific quirkiness, had valued scientific research and advancement, even if only for the advancement of the Soviets' reputation during the Cold War, and adjusted the education system accordingly from secondary school forward to groom scientists. Was the German system using a similar tactic?
P.S. - could someone edit the tags to something more fitting? I'm not sure which to properly use.