I teach mathematics at a Catholic liberal arts college. This semester, I am teaching Real Analysis and I want students to complete a semester-long research project that extends beyond the course content and into relevant issues of history and philosophy. One idea I had is for students to investigate the relationship between the Catholic church and mathematics, perhaps including (but not limited to):
- Some historical figure from the church who also contributed significantly to the development of mathematics
- Examples of mathematical concepts or theorems that were interpreted divinely
- Some significant mathematician who was also a practicing Catholic and wrote about the relationship between these two aspects of their life
- Examples of the Catholic church commenting on, or intervening in, the development of mathematics
Googling has not yielded anything particularly fruitful. I am not really interested in the interpretation of axiomatic mathematics as a reflection of divinity, because this is not especially unique to Catholicism. And I do want to stick to mathematics and not science, in general (e.g. the Galileo affair), because this is an upper-level course that is required for mathematics majors.
Main question: Can anyone suggest some examples of sources that I can suggest to any of my students who want to work on such a project? This may include books, films, blog posts, scholarly articles, any format and depth, really. What matters most is that it is highly relevant to the historical development of mathematics (not just interpreting mathematics retrospectively) and the Catholic church. (Bonus points if it's somehow related to the development of mathematical analysis and calculus, specifically!)
(Meta comment: I would like to tag this with "religion" but do not yet have the reputation. I will leave it to more frequent site-users to determine if this should be a new, valid tag, or if something more specific like "Catholicism" would be warranted, as well.)