The solution to the problem of geodesic lines on a biaxial ellipsoid (when two of the axes are equal) is not very hard and can be solved by mathematical tools that existed prior to Gauss - i.e via Clairaut's relation for geodesics on bodies of revolution. However, the solution for triaxial ellipsoids is very difficult, and was made by Jacobi in a remarkable paper fron 1839. My question is indeed intended to learn of Gauss's work in this field - i found, especially in volume 9 of his collected work (about geodesy) many unpublished titles bearing the subject "geodesic lines on ellipsoid" (for example, ERDELLIPSOID AND GEODETIC LINE, on p.65 - 105 in volume 9). I also read that in his treatise on higher geodesy (published at years 1843,1846), he dealt much with calculation with "lines" on ellipsoid.
So, were these calculations just about ellipsoid of revolution (biaxial ellipsoid)? or there was also work about lines in a triaxial ellipsoids (in his published or unpublished work)?