Has science fiction ever caused scientists to do real research?
Science fiction here means fiction that tries to explain things in the world rather than speculate about the future or unexplorable past (e.g. aliens having travelled to Earth 100 million years ago is unexplorable).
Real research means the one based on scientific methods, such as experimental analysis, statistics and so on.
I am interested in natural science such as physics, biology, chemistry, etc, as well as history rather than human-created such as mathematics.
Some examples of science fiction according to my definition may include the fiction describing dark matter, human and animal behavior (e.g. fiction describing hunter-gatherer society where women can be hunters), historical speculations (say, ancient europeans travelled Americas), etc.
No way I am asking for a big/complete list of such examples, just most remarkable ones if there even are any.