I was just looking at a YouTube Video interview with Leonard Susskind and did not realize he was the first to discover stings in string theory!



It is an interesting video but I also had read a few articles of other participants in this endeavor such as Veneziano while working at CERN and others who were also working on the same idea so I did not think anyone person was really the originator but I believe I am wrong now. I believe he was the first to develop this.

I am wondering if someone is familiar enough with the topic to perhaps comment on the history of it's original founding?

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    $\begingroup$ I believe string theory grew out of the S-Matrix Theory of Heisenberg (1943) via Wheeler (1937). However, it wasn't until 1970 that Susskind interpreted one aspect of the (by then, different) mathematical model as a one-dimensional vibrating string. The subject has such a dynamic history that it is hard to know where to focus. $\endgroup$
    – nwr
    Dec 9, 2018 at 23:47
  • $\begingroup$ I followed through the links provided by the first link of Nick R and as he points out the history is so dynamic that it would be difficult to trace. There are different versions of the beginnings with different advantages to each with varying degrees of dependence. But reading through the links is very interesting. $\endgroup$
    – Sedumjoy
    Dec 10, 2018 at 2:46

1 Answer 1


It was a collective effort, and certainly it is not one formula as the title of your question seems to imply:-)

One of the principal "founding fathers" was Gabriele Veneziano.


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