According to an uncited Wikipedia paragraph, Merit-Ptah is the earliest known female scientist.

An ancient Egyptian, Merit-Ptah (c. 2700 BC), described in an inscription as "chief physician", is the earliest known female scientist named in the history of science.

is this true? Are there figures that could be (even debatable) be described as preceding her as a female scientist?

Edit: As mentioned in the comments, there were no "scientists" in 2700BC or earlier in the modern sense. What I was effectively asking was whether there were any women who made known interesting contributions to medicine, mathematics, biology or any other field at this time.

An example of an early(ish) interesting contribution would be Galen's description of the difference between motor and sensory nerves, despite his other mix of partly through & partly incorrect observations & statements.

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    $\begingroup$ Which part? Merit-Ptah is indeed mentioned there, but the use of the word "scientist" before 17th centiry AD is highly dubious, see When and why did people stopped using “natural philosophy” term and started using “science”? So no, even figures way after her can not be described as "scientists", female or otherwise. $\endgroup$ – Conifold Feb 4 '19 at 23:06
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    $\begingroup$ Physicians were not scientists thousands, or even hundreds, of years ago. Today medicine is grounded in scientific ideas from biology and chemistry (rather than whatever voodoo mysticism it was based on earlier), but even today most physicians are not scientists. $\endgroup$ – KCd Feb 4 '19 at 23:23
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    $\begingroup$ Medical practice was not based on a proper understanding of the scientific basis for disease. Maybe "voodoo mysticism" is an exaggeration, but physicians did not have scientific training. $\endgroup$ – KCd Feb 5 '19 at 1:37
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    $\begingroup$ I suppose it would be highly disrespectful to suggest that the very first female scientist was Eve? She had a premise in mind: "Apple, digested, provides knowledge," and tested it. $\endgroup$ – Carl Witthoft Feb 5 '19 at 13:23
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    $\begingroup$ Not 2700 BCE but about 400 CE is Hypatia of Alexandria -- mathematics. A 2010 movie about her is titled Agora. $\endgroup$ – BackwoodsMath Feb 9 '19 at 18:23

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