Questions tagged [academia]

For questions about academic institutions, their members and other topics connected to the social process of scientific work and the interaction among students, scholars and other practitioners of science and mathematics.

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3
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0answers
60 views

What was the structure of first course in sociology?

I read that Max Weber supported the anti-positivist approach to sociology in Ludwig Maxmilian University of Munich. So I want to know the academic structure of the first course he appealed for. I ...
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61 views

Which kinds of academic revolutions has philosophy of science indentified so far and when?

Recently, I had an interdisciplinary discussion with some friends about Industry 4.0, internet of things,...which brought up the question, which kind of academic revolutions apart from industrial ...
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At what point did Calculus become a required field of study for aspiring scientists?

Nowadays, it's nearly impossible to obtain a university degree in a scientific discipline without completing at least some basic coursework in Calculus, and often times advanced courses are required. ...
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1answer
140 views

Quantitative measures of rise and decline of scientific fields over time (beyond number of publications)

I'm interested in the birth / death / life cycle of scientific fields over time, and looking for quantitative metrics that suggest whether a particular scientific field is in decline. A simple and ...
7
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1answer
386 views

How did Wittgenstein fulfill eligibility requirements for a PhD in philosophy without having a Bachelor's degree in philosophy?

The Wikipedia article about Wittgenstein says: In Norway it was clear that Moore was expected to act as Wittgenstein's secretary, taking down his notes, with Wittgenstein falling into a rage when ...
7
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1answer
69 views

Latin academic positions

I was wondering if there was a standard system, at some point in history, for academic positions in Latin. What I mean is that today each country has a standard system that names each academic ...
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4answers
687 views

What major areas of mathematics have been abandoned?

It seems that the focus of mathematical research moves on every so often, and some areas are not proven wrong, but have just become uninteresting in the current mathematical culture. I was under the ...
9
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1answer
651 views

When did plagiarism become a major misconduct in academia?

...and what was the general view on it before? Plagiarism in modern day academia is totally prohibited, and people doing such a misconduct would be banned from academia, or would at least get into ...
12
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0answers
248 views

What was the typical format of a 16th century mathematical debate?

In The Equation that Couldn't be Solved, Mario Livio writes of academia in 16th century Bologna. Apparently, mathematicians would take part in public debates, sometimes involving solving problems. ...
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91 views

Physics Curricula of 19th Century French Universities?

What were the physics curricula for 19th century French universities? I am looking for something akin to this distribution of courses at the École Polytechnique, but for other French universities, ...
8
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1answer
229 views

Who blocked publication of “Mathematics in USSR. 1958-1967”?

A while ago, in USSR there were published two very voluminous collections entitled "Mathematics in USSR for 30 years. 1917-1947" and "Mathematics in USSR for 40 years. 1917-1957". These collections ...
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122 views

Why has the proportion of women in computer science degrees declined in the USA?

Source In the United States, for most majors, the proportion of women either increased or stayed static. By contrast, the proportion of women in computer science declined from a peak of 37% in 1983 ...
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2answers
903 views

What was the last important scientific work written in Latin?

In a recent post on math.se, I suggested that G. Peano's Arithmetices principia, nova methodo exposita (1889) was probably the last important scientific work written in Latin. This work set forth the ...
12
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1answer
934 views

Why did Einstein stop publishing so many papers in Annalen der Physik?

In his early years (actually, straight through the early 1910s), Albert Einstein published a lot of papers in Annalen der Phyisk, a very old and prominent German scientific journal. However, this ...
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1answer
159 views

When did anonymous peer review appear and what were the motivations behind it?

The peer-review process is old. I wonder when anonymous peer review appeared and more importantly what the motivations behind it were (vs. non-anonymous peer review).
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61 views

How did research reproducibility in medicine evolve over time?

Some recent studies have analyzed the percentage of research that is reproducible. E.g. Prinz, F.; Schlange, T.; Asadullah, K. (2011). "Believe it or not: How much can we rely on published data on ...
8
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1answer
67 views

How did journal subscriptions evolve over time, and what factors account for it?

Nowadays, many academic journals have some impressively high subscription costs. E.g. Harvard's expenditures for library resources in 2012 was $16,391,638. How did journal subscriptions evolve over ...
9
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1answer
380 views

What is the history behind the Erdős number?

The Erdős number is used as a tool to study how mathematicians cooperate to find answers to unsolved problems. But what is the history behind the Erdős number?
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2answers
256 views

What are the earliest accounts of publication bias?

Publication bias is a huge issue is some academic fields. What are the earliest accounts of publication bias? As requested in the comments, publication bias intuitively means that if you read one ...
5
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2answers
518 views

Are ancient African mathematicians acknowledged in the history of mathematics?

I have yet to read a math book that mentions ancient African mathematicians at any length or level of detail. There is scant coverage in academic settings in the United States, perhaps elsewhere too. ...
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6answers
5k views

How did German become the language of science?

Recently, I read an interesting article about how English replaced German as the language in which scientists communicate. But how did German become the leading language in the first place? In the ...
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1answer
431 views

Was fake/rigged data common prior to the 20th century?

In one of the lab courses I took as an undergraduate, I remember that the professor noted while discussing some statistical test (almost certainly chi-squared) that one could use it to show that a lot ...
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3answers
1k views

Why isn't there a Nobel prize in Mathematics?

While I have heard speculative answers to this question, I do not know one which can be supported. Is there any information explaining why Nobel did not chose to include this topic? Has there even ...
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1answer
84 views

Have reviewers never been paid?

Nowadays researchers are generally not paid to review research articles. Has it always been the case? If not, how come it has changed?
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1answer
268 views

Why did 92% of cases of simultaneous discovery in the 17th century end in dispute?

I read on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Academic_publishing : One of the earliest research journals is the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, created in the 17th century. At that ...