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Questions tagged [academia]

For questions about academic institutions, their members and other topics connected to the social process of scientific work and the interaction among students, scholars and other practitioners of science and mathematics.

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49 votes
6 answers

How did German become the language of science?

Recently, I read an interesting article about how English replaced German as the language in which scientists communicate. But how did German become the leading language in the first place? In the ...
Ondřej Černotík's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer

When did plagiarism become a major misconduct in academia?

...and what was the general view on it before? Plagiarism in modern day academia is totally prohibited, and people doing such a misconduct would be banned from academia, or would at least get into ...
Taladris's user avatar
  • 232
19 votes
3 answers

What was the last important scientific work written in Latin?

In a recent post on, I suggested that G. Peano's Arithmetices principia, nova methodo exposita (1889) was probably the last important scientific work written in Latin. This work set forth the ...
Mark Dominus's user avatar
15 votes
2 answers

When did anonymous peer review appear and what were the motivations behind it?

The peer-review process is old. I wonder when anonymous peer review appeared and more importantly what the motivations behind it were (vs. non-anonymous peer review).
Franck Dernoncourt's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers

Quantitative measures of rise and decline of scientific fields over time (beyond number of publications)

I'm interested in the birth / death / life cycle of scientific fields over time, and looking for quantitative metrics that suggest whether a particular scientific field is in decline. A simple and ...
herfa's user avatar
  • 91
8 votes
2 answers

How did Wittgenstein fulfill eligibility requirements for a PhD in philosophy without having a Bachelor's degree in philosophy?

The Wikipedia article about Wittgenstein says: In Norway it was clear that Moore was expected to act as Wittgenstein's secretary, taking down his notes, with Wittgenstein falling into a rage when ...
user avatar
4 votes
1 answer

What did scientific research look like during the colonial era of British America?

Since Europe has had numerous people in various fields make several contributions over the centuries, was the same nature of study and academia reflected in the colonies of the western hemisphere? ...
Nachiket Kulkarni's user avatar