Questions tagged [biographical-details]

For questions about the details of a particular scientist's life.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
2
votes
1answer
214 views

Several questions about Gauss's mathematical conception of braids

I'm trying to figure out several things about Gauss's thoughts concerning a certain four-strand braid. The reference my questions are based on is mainly Moritz Epple's excellent article "orbits ...
37
votes
6answers
11k views

What is the difference between Calculus of Newton and that of Leibniz?

Are there any differences between the study of Calculus done by Newton as compared to that done by Leibniz? If yes, please mention point by point.
2
votes
1answer
54 views

Heyting and Lugano

I read in Wikipedia that Arend Heyting, logician, died in Lugano while all the biographies focus on his career in Amsterdam and nearby. Do we know if he lived in Lugano or not, and why died there?
0
votes
1answer
126 views

Who were the mathematicians who hated teaching in class or disliked teaching?

Who were the mathematicians who hated teaching in class or disliked teaching? From this Article: Gauss hated teaching, and believed some students robbed him of his time. From this Article: Perelman ...
0
votes
0answers
72 views

How well did Cardano understand elementary probabilities, as shown from his writings?

I was recently reading a paper on the historical development of probability theory where Cardano is presented as having discovered some elementary laws of probability in the 1550s. But he is described ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

What were the likely lives of the highly creative or intellectually gifted people in declining or primitive civilizations?

People living in certain regions throughout history produced little to none recorded intellectual achievements. Assuming that highly creative individuals existed in these regions, are there any ...
8
votes
2answers
474 views

Did Gauss know Jacobi's four squares theorem?

In pp. 283–285 of volume 2 of Dickson's “history of the theory of numbers” appear several formulas of striking similarity: some of them are stated by Gauss (p. 283) and some are stated by Jacobi (p. ...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

Did Ibn al-Haytham write anything about his experiments that is general enough to be seen as prefiguring the scientific method?

Ibn al-Haytham is considered one of the first experimenters. Since he was also a kind of philosopher did he write anything close in meaning and generality to the scientific method?
66
votes
4answers
10k views

Why was Évariste Galois killed?

It is well known that Évariste Galois died a young man. I have heard that he died in a duel. What was the duel about? More rather what is the back story behind his death and did he really write down ...
5
votes
0answers
472 views

Was Richard Feynman really awarded a patent for a nuclear Airplane and Rocket?

I've been re-reading "Surely you're Joking Mr. Feynman", and at one point he talks about how at Los Alamos they were asked to write down any idea, no matter how obvious involving nuclear technology, ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Was C.S Peirce in his abductive reasoning influenced by the generalization from special cases that is used by mathematicians?

I am reading some random bits from Peirce's collected works and they give me the impression that Peirce tried to integrate every(or nearly every) major scientific and mathematical concept which he was ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

How did Peirce react to his stigmatization from the academia?

Do we have any evidence on how Peirce reacted to his stigmatization by various academics(e.g by having denied him of tenure at John Hopkins, leaving from the house when they learned that he was ...
6
votes
1answer
584 views

Meaning of passages by Gauss on the “convergence of expansions (in infinite series) of the (elliptical) equation of the center”?

Yesterday I took my time to look again into Schlesinger's essay on Gauss's contributions to analysis, and I found something new I didn't know about (so it caught my eye) in the last subsection of the ...
5
votes
1answer
90 views

Who was Fleury? And what was his first name?

One of the algorithms for finding Eulerian paths and circuits in graphs that have them is due to Fleury. Lucas mentioned this in his 1892 recreational mathematics collection, referring to "M. ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

What were C.S Peirce's contributions to theory of relations?

In my study of Peirce I came across a number statements that he extended De Morgan's relation algebra. What exactly are his contributions to relation algebra?
-2
votes
1answer
100 views

Why theology plays a great role in becoming great mathematicians? [closed]

Why theology play a great role in becoming great mathematicians? I have some confusion about theology with mathematics. I read the biography of Euler and Bernhard Riemann. Both were studying ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Did Leibniz ever express any opinion about Aristotle, Plato or Archimedes?

Since Leibniz is known to have expressed opinions about Descartes' and Newton's abilities maybe he did the same for the prominent thinkers of antiquity. Did Leibniz ever express any opinion about ...
19
votes
4answers
17k views

Did Abraham De Moivre really predict his own death?

At the last point of his life, he noted that he slept 15 minutes extra every night then he calculated that he would die on the day that the extra 15 minutes a night accumulated to 24 hours. That day ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

What was the first randomized experiment that was ever conducted?

C.S Peirce is credited by wikipedia with the invention of randomized experiments. What was C.S Peirce's contribution to randomized experiments exactly if there were such experiments before Peirce? How ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

What was the reason for Grothendiecks 'fast every Monday' in Vietnam?

According to MacTutor article on mathematics in Vietnam ... He visited in November 1967. The first few days we organised his lectures in Hanoi. But one day a missile exploded 100-200m from the ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Is there any book or site where John Von Neumann's collected philosophical writings are presented?

I was wondering if Von Neuman has any philosophical writings beside his writings on the relation of computers to the human mind and vice versa.
1
vote
0answers
76 views

Is there any indication of what mathematics Trotsky studied?

In Isaac Deutscher's, The Prophet Armed: Trotsky 1879-1921, he writes of the youthful Trotsky: His stay in Odessa ended in 1896. A realschule normally had seven forms but St. Paul's had only six so ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Do we know how Feynmans religious views changed throughout his life?

According to Feynman, there was a quota for Jews at American Universities and when he was accepted on a graduate programme - I think at Princeton - they were told "he's Jewish but he doesn't act ...
2
votes
1answer
168 views

Are there any mathematicians who expressed non-obvious sets of rules on how to do research?

I recently saw a paper where there are presented some rules on how to learn mathematics (and do research) which were firstly articulated by Lagrange. Are there any similar rules that were expressed ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Is there any book or site where Gauss' collected philosophical writings are presented?

From the questions on some of Gauss' philosophical ideas here at HSM stackexchange it's clear that Gauss had some major philosophical ideas that despite their profundity don't seem to have had much ...
0
votes
0answers
41 views

Did the brain anatomists and psychophysicists of the early to mid 1800s make any philosophical speculations on the nature of emotions and cognition?

I was wondering if the psychophysicists and brain anatomists of from 1800 up until 1860s made any novel, noteworthy philosophical speculations about the emotions and cognition.If they did is there any ...
4
votes
2answers
482 views

Is there anything written by Newton's roommate Wilkins about him?

I've read that John Wilkins was Newton's room-mate and they lived together for 20 years. Is there anything about Newton written by Wilkins? By the way, there is nothing easily found on google.
2
votes
2answers
184 views

Portrait of Stephen Butterworth

Does anybody know of a portrait of Stephen Butterworth (1885 - 1958), a British physicist?
3
votes
1answer
57 views

Was there a continuation to the Seven Bridges of Königsberg problem between Euler and Hamilton?

Since Euler's result on the Seven Bridges of Königsberg problem appears to be the first known graph theoretical result I was wondering if any mathematicians after Euler and before Hamilton commented ...
1
vote
1answer
48 views

Was C.S Peirce the first philosopher to posit that value belief serves as some sort of guide for scientific belief?

I remember reading something to the effect that the moral and aesthetic preferences influence scientific belief in his collected works. Was C.S Peirce the first philosopher to posit that value belief ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Were these ideas well known during the 1850s in the US?

I was looking at a biography of C.S Peirce where it is shown the following parts of one of his essays which he wrote when he was 15 years old and are presented as evidence of his youthful genius: ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

What are some facts about Peirce's early precocity?

In some of his online biographies Peirce is described as having showed early signs of precocity. Can someone describe some of these signs of precocity?
3
votes
3answers
399 views

Did C.S Peirce make any noteworthy contributions to physics or chemistry?

According to this article Peirce was the first to experimentally tie a unit, the meter, to an absolute standard, the wavelength of a spectral line Did C.S Peirce make any other noteworthy ...
3
votes
1answer
359 views

Galois quote about his refused work

I read (page 10 here, in portuguese) that Galois used the following phrase when his memoirs wasn't accept by the French Academy of Sciences: Oh! Innocent cherubs! Could someone give references or ...
6
votes
1answer
255 views

Who is the Göbel who is the eponym of Göbel's Sequence?

Richard K. Guy refers to him as "F. Göbel" in his Unsolved Problems of Number Theory but that's as close as I can get. For reference: https://mathworld.wolfram.com/GoebelsSequence.html
0
votes
0answers
69 views

Are there any accounts of Charles Peirce's character,cognition and physical appearance?

I am interested in any historical account of the following attributes of Peirce:character,cognition and appearance.
5
votes
1answer
78 views

Was Charles Sanders Peirce aware of Charles Babbage's difference engine?

Is there any indication that Charles Peirce was aware of Babbage and his work on mechanical computing?
0
votes
0answers
30 views

What's the history of the heuristics on doing science efficiently and effectively?

I recently read a paper by Taleb about doing science efficiently and effectively and I was wondering if there other predecessors to his work which more or less express the same things(since Taleb ...
15
votes
1answer
3k views

Which mathematician traveled to and moved in with each collaborator?

I remember a video, perhaps a Numberphile episode where a mathematician was described who would simply move in to the home of a collaborator with which they were engaged to so that they could work ...
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Who was the 17th century mathematician “André Jumeau, Prior of Sainte-Croix”?

I'm reading Dickson's History on the Theory of Numbers, and find this on page 34: "The third $P_3$ [that is, triperfect number], discovered by André Jumeau, Prior of Sainte-Croix", is ${P_3}^...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Complete list of publications of Rebecca Barlow

Rebecca Barlow is the discoverer of an interesting surface in algebraic geometry. Is anybody aware of a full list of her contributions? Has she continued working in mathematics in the 21st century?
4
votes
0answers
135 views

How did Peano come up with his space filling curve?

Wikipedia cites an earlier result of Cantor as an inspiration but I wonder if there are any previous results of some kind of recursive curve constructions that may have also "inspired" him ...
7
votes
1answer
257 views

Does Blum's speedup theorem have any conceptual predecessors?

Blum's speedup theorem seems to me that bears at least some superficial resemblance to Godels research on the length of proofs under certain axiomatic systems. Does Blum's speedup theorem has any ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Was Paul Nemenyi related to John Von Neumann?

I was looking at an article about the probable father of the former world chess champion Bob Fischer whose family's name was originally Neumann and I was wondering if he had a common ancestor with ...
20
votes
20answers
3k views

Literary works authored by mathematicians

At a first glance, Mathematics and Literature look like two completely unrelated subjects. I wonder whether there are examples of acclaimed mathematicians which wrote novels, poems, or other ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

Was Giuseppe Peano one of the greatest mathematicians of his era? [closed]

Besides the Peano axioms which perhaps brought him fame but which are considered a refinement of similar previous axioms Peano seems to have done relatively little original work. Does the rest of his ...
3
votes
1answer
336 views

Why does Riazuddin not have a last name?

Riazuddin was a Pakistani theoretical physicist, his name looks a little bit different to me from others because he doesn't have a last name. There are some others Pakistani theoretical physicists ...
4
votes
2answers
320 views

What mathematical techniques Gauss used in order to tessellate the unit disk?

This question is a continuation of my previously posted question: Was Gauss aware of the non-euclidean implications of his work on moduler forms?, and is based on the information given in John ...
6
votes
2answers
405 views

Did Gauss formulate, or at least know of, the full essence of the Gauss-Bonnet Theorem?

I know that a special case of the Bonnet theorem, called the Theorema Elegantissimum, was proved by Gauss in his 1827 treatise on differential geometry. This was a theorem that dealt with the ...
4
votes
1answer
206 views

Einstein visited former teacher/professor who thought he wanted to borrow money: who might that have been?

I am not sure in what bio I read this but it was not a new bio -- not Isaacson, for example. The anecdote was simply that he wanted to see an old professor/teacher (as many of us I think might do if ...

1
2 3 4 5
7