Questions tagged [cosmology]

The tag has no usage guidance.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
16 votes
3 answers
2k views

What was the Big Bang model originally called?

The name "Big Bang theory" was coined by Sir Fred Hoyle. What did scientists originally call the Big Bang model?
user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
30 views

Is there a synthetic chart of modern cosmology, showing the dependencies between measurements and laws?

I'm trying to figure out what are the different paths to indirect measurement of things that are out of experimenter reach; for instance, the age of the observable universe, or an estimation of the ...
user avatar
  • 101
0 votes
2 answers
88 views

Which modern sciences/technologies were contingent on the Copernican Revolution, & which could have developed even while believing in geocentrism? [closed]

Suppose that, for whatever reason, neither Copernicus nor anyone else had discovered the heliocentric model, and cosmology remained stuck in the geocentric model. ("For whatever reason" ...
user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
0 answers
45 views

Has someone ever proposed a "many worlds/histories" model where all possible boundary conditions are considered? [closed]

The Hawking-Hartle no boundary condition is a well known model that tries to explain how did the universe begin. The authors considered a "many worlds/histories" model considering a sum over ...
user avatar
  • 267
0 votes
0 answers
47 views

How do the latest measurements of the Hubble expansion match the QFT prediction?

From what I read the expansion of the universe predicted by QFT is said to be the worst theoretical prediction in the history of physics. There is also lots of buzz in the astronomy press about the ...
user avatar
  • 1,149
6 votes
1 answer
136 views

Early geographically accurate drawings of Earth

The first, known to me, drawing of a simulated view of Earth from outside—roughly passable* by modern standards—is this pic from 1834 attributed to Henry De la Beche Was he the first who tried hard? ...
user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
198 views

Was Fred Hoyle’s career due, in part, to the popularity of the static universe in 1950s?

Watching the video So much universe, so little time, I was surprised to hear Fred Hoyle talked about in glowing terms. According to the narrator, by the late 1950’s the big bang model was losing ...
user avatar
  • 5,984
5 votes
1 answer
108 views

Why is it that so many early astronomers and cosmologists wanted to believe in a static/infinite/eternal Universe?

I've been doing some research for a cosmology series and I'm struck by how many physicists and philosophers, from Newton to Einstein, had a notion that the Universe should be static and eternal. Why ...
user avatar
  • 51
0 votes
0 answers
35 views

Did pre-Galilean astronomy inspire Mach's principle?

Was Mach, in his formulation of "Mach's principle," influenced by pre-Galilean astronomy, such as that of Aristotle in On the Heavens, where heavenly bodies influence terrestrial ones?
user avatar
  • 5,011
1 vote
2 answers
276 views

What is the ancient cosmic canon of proportion and its role in the history of science?

Who had direct inside knowledge of the canon through the alleged secret oral tradition? Some possible examples that have been alluded to include Pythagoras, Plato, Euclid, Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler, ...
user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
91 views

Thomas Kuhn and the Relationship between Astronomy and Cosmology

In The Copernican Revolution, Thomas Kuhn states that "...only the Western civilizations which descend from Hellenic Greece have paid much attention to the appearance of the heavens in arriving at [...
user avatar
  • 121
4 votes
0 answers
120 views

Did Paul Dirac believe in multiple universes?

Prominent physicist Paul Dirac proposed a hypothesis that said that constants and laws of physics would evolve with time into different constants and laws of nature. This hypothesis was used by ...
user avatar
  • 81
1 vote
0 answers
97 views

Did Werner Heisenberg ever agree or propose the existence of some kind of multiverse?

I was watching a video (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=muJYTeQlvC4) where the director of a videogame company speaks about one of its most successful games. This game is set in a floating city which ...
user avatar
  • 81
2 votes
0 answers
64 views

Did Wheeler ever propose the existence of a multiverse containing parallel simultaneous universes?

It is known that the physicist John Archibald Wheeler proposed the existence of a multiverse in the form of a set of cycles of Big Bangs and Big Crunches (Cyclic/Oscillatory Multiverse Model). But I ...
user avatar
  • 81
2 votes
1 answer
207 views

Are Wheeler's It from Bit/Participatory Universe and the Multiverse related?

Could I ask you for the relation between Wheeler's ideas and the multiverse? Do you know if these are related? I ask you this because I found this very interesting article written by Kip Thorne with ...
user avatar
  • 21
0 votes
0 answers
282 views

Is there any historical mention of Richard Feynman being aware of multiverse theories of cosmology?

The reason I ask is because he talks about the fine structure constant in one of his undergraduate lectures. The reference to its mystery is analogous to all the special constants of nature such as ...
user avatar
  • 1,149
10 votes
1 answer
5k views

What equation is Stephen Hawking most noted for?

I am trying to equate the famous Stephen Hawking to some of our other famous scientists and noted that the vast majority have an associated equation with their name. As for example Einstein was the ...
user avatar
  • 1,149
5 votes
3 answers
274 views

Was an expanding universe proposed before Edwin Hubble's observations?

General relativity (1915), as I've heard it explained, describes a universe that is either shrinking or expanding. By adding a cosmological constant it can describe a universe in eternal steady state, ...
user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
381 views

When did the estimates of planetary distances made between Ptolemy and Copernicus produce the pattern suggesting heliocentrism?

Two patterns in the structure of the Ptolemaic model make the transformation of coordinates to the Copernican model seem "natural" to modern eyes: the alignment of the radii of the (second) ...
user avatar
  • 213
6 votes
3 answers
380 views

Nowadays I see a distinct "line" dividing people working in Mathematics and the Physical Sciences. Why?

The direction in which leading research is heading in these subjects (Math, Physics) is very much different and don't seem to be in tandem. Is this something that developed in more recent times? This ...
user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
365 views

Who discovered that the radius of the observable Universe is 46 billion ly?

I know that before the beginning of the 20th century it was thought that the Milky Way galaxy was the whole universe. Then there was the discovery of galaxy redshift, and the size of the Universe was ...
user avatar
  • 281
3 votes
1 answer
74 views

Who introduced the notion of comoving distance in cosmology?

According to Wikipedia: Comoving distance factors out the expansion of the universe, giving a distance that does not change in time due to the expansion of space (though this may change due to ...
user avatar
  • 281
5 votes
0 answers
81 views

Did breaking of discrete symmetries play a role in the development of steady-state cosmology?

If you look at the original pair of 1948 papers[Bondi 1948,Hoyle 1948] that proposed the steady-state model, it's clear that they knew they were throwing out a lot of cherished principles of physics. ...
user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
242 views

What is the origin of the term recombination?

During the introductory lecture to a cosmology course I'm currently taking, there was a brief discussion of some of the "highlights" of the Big Bang model. One of these is, of course, recombination. ...
user avatar
  • 3,682