# Questions tagged [euclid]

Euclid of Alexandria was a Greek mathematician and the "father of geometry".

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### Euclid's use of antenaresis and Heath's commentary

In Book 7, Prop. 1. Euclid uses repeated subtraction to prove that two numbers are relatively prime. As explained here the Greek word for repeated subtraction is "antenaresis". There isn't ...
329 views

### The role of the Elements in the development of mathematics

The Elements are often regarded as the cornerstone of the axiomatic approach to mathematics. However, mathematical textbooks have served as the foundational pillars upon which writing style, language, ...
216 views

### Who came up with the proof of "Bézout's identity" that uses the well-ordering principle?

Let $a$ and $b$ be two integers not both of which are equal to zero. It is an important and well-known fact that $\text{gcd}(a,b)=ax_{0}+by_{0}$ for some integers $x_{0}$ and $y_{0}$. Even though this ...
196 views

### Who first proved necessity of Euclid's formula for pythagorean triples?

The following well-known formula for pythagorean triples is commonly called Euclid's formula: If $a, b, c$ are three natural numbers with $a,c$ odd, $b$ even, $\gcd(a,b,c)=1$ and $a^2+b^2=c^2$, then ...
180 views

### History of greater-than symbol used in reverse?

I was surprised to find that Oliver Byrne's 1847 marvelous The Elements of Euclid (color version)1 uses $\sqsubset$ to mean "greater than" and $\sqsupset$ to mean "less than," in ...
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### Historicity of Euclid. Looking for the references of Euclid in ancient texts that has survived [duplicate]

The general consensus is that Euclid was a real historical figure. Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Euclid concludes on the hypothesis that Euclid was not a real person, "This hypothesis ...
477 views

### What happened to the original sources of Euclid's Elements?

I am aware of the fact that Euclid's Elements is a compilation of the works of previous Greek mathematicians like Thales, Pythagoras (his school), Eudoxus, Theaetetus, etc. However, I want to know the ... 3k views

### Did ancient Greek mathematicians consider numbers independently of geometry?

I am currently reading Oliver Bryne's edition of Euclid's Elements, and in The Elements many arithmetic propositions are proved geometrically, and it feels to me that numbers are always treated as ...
1 vote
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### Euler's proof of infinite primes first since Euclid?

Q. Is it true that Euler's proof of infinite primes was the first since Euclid's which was from around 300BC? Note: By Euler's proof, I mean the use of his Euler product formula for the zeta function ...
418 views

### Are Euclid's theorems and proofs due to Euclid?

Some appear to argue that much of the Elements by Euclid is a compilation of knowledge handed down to Euclid from his predecessors. On the other hand, some credit the proof, of the Pythagorean theorem ...
453 views

### Has Euclid stated Cauchy's theorem?

Cauchy's Rigidity theorem says that if the corresponding faces of two convex polytopes are isometric (congruent) then the polytopes are related by a (proper or improper) motion. Cauchy's biography (...
2k views

### How did Aristotle influence Euclid?

In other words, how is Aristotle's logic represented in Euclid's Elements? I have read many articles where Euclid's Elements is linked to Aristotle's logic, but I do not understand, and I can't find ...