Questions tagged [islamic-science]

Science from the so-called Islamic Golden Age, roughly the 8th through the 12th century, and including scholars such as Al-Kwarizmi, Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazan), and Jābir ibn Hayyān.

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How did the Astronomical model of Sacrobosco differ from Ptolemy's?

According to Wikipedia, Sacrobosco's De Sphaera described the Ptolemaic system, but drew on additional ideas from Islamic Astronomy. How did Sacrobosco's model differ from that of Ptolemy?
Michal Paszkiewicz's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer

What does this 1200 AD eye diagram say?

On the Wikipedia page for Ophthalmology they have the following diagram with the annotation Anatomy of the Eye, 1200 A.D. The diagram is recognizable as an eye. I am curious what the labels say, ...
Galen's user avatar
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Al-Fihrist survivals

I wonder if there is any estimate about the percentage of the books that survived from Islamic ancient time listed in Ibn Nadim's Al Fihrist? Is there any counterpart of this work belonging to ancient ...
Hamid Enki's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer

Did the medieval Islamic scholar al-Tusi state the principle of conservation of mass?

This article: Farid Alakbarli, A 13th-Century Darwin? Tusi's Views on Evolution, Azerbaijan International (2001) claims that Nasir al-Din al-Tusi (13th century) stated an early version of the law of ...
Mauricio's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer

Did Ibn Al-Haytham believe that the Moon reflects sunlight or that it is self-luminous?

There are at least two articles about Ibn Al-Haytham in Encyclopedia First and Second Both these articles have one major difference that is according to the First article: The Light of the Stars (III ...
Abhishek Yadav's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers

What is the evidence for the existence of Geber?

In an unrelated question, some users started arguing about the existence of Geber (Jabir ibn Hayyan - جابر بن حيّان) from 806−816 AD and pseudo-Geber (probably from 13th-14th century). This ...
Mauricio's user avatar
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5 votes
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Were there any contributions to thermodynamics and electromagnetism from Medieval Islamic science?

The Medieval Islamic world, between 8th to the mid 13th century, is known for its developments in academic knowledge. Particularly in astronomy. Many stellar objects still derive their name from ...
Mauricio's user avatar
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4 votes
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Ala-El-Din Muhammed El Ferjumedhi

I'm looking for more details of a 14th century mathematician Ala-El-Din Muhammad El Ferjumedhi. I'm translating a popular book on the history of mathematics, and there is one figure that shows a ...
Stephan Matthiesen's user avatar
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Reference request concerning an alleged Jewish contribution to the early theory of light refraction, and to the first geometry textbook in Europe

Page 50 of the book Gustav Karpeles: A Sketch of Jewish History. Translated from the German [by an anonymous translator]. The Jewish Publication Society of America. 1897. contains the following ...
Peter Heinig's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer

Was ibn Sina the only Muslim physician who influenced modern medicine?

Well when it comes to Muslim scholars who had influence in medicine the major books and scholars which are referred to is ibn Sina and his Canon القانون في الطب. But many other Muslim scholars have ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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11 votes
5 answers

I'm looking for books of Muslim scholars/scientists who have had some influence in the development of modern science

In the Golden Age of Islam, Muslim scholars and scientists wrote a lot of books and manuscripts in many sciences such as medicine. My question is, are there any books which have had some longer (or ...
Medi1Saif's user avatar
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23 votes
4 answers

Did ancient/medieval non-European cultures have a concept of energy? If so, what are the similarities and differences to the modern concept?

For example, do we find something related to the modern energy concept in Ancient China, Ancient India, or the Islamic Golden Age? Among "similarities and differences", conservation is obviously ...
Michael Weiss's user avatar
28 votes
1 answer

Contributions to chemistry from medieval Arabia

A lot of chemical terms such as alcohol, aldehyde, sugar/azucar, amalgam etc. are of Arabic origin. Did Arabic chemistry in medieval times achieve any scientific insights still valid today (such as '...
Felix's user avatar
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