Questions tagged [language]

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4
votes
1answer
165 views

Origin of arcminutes, arcseconds, “arcthirds,” “arcfourths,” etc

This section of a Wikipedia article says [Modern time and angle notation] contrasts with the numbers used by Hellenistic and Renaissance astronomers, who used thirds, fourths, etc. for finer ...
2
votes
3answers
184 views

Why are permutations ($_nP_r$) called differently in non-English languages (“variations” in German)?

First of all, you should be at least a little familiar with combinatorics to understand that question. Some often used calculator keys in stochastic are the nCr and nPr ones. Edit: I've first asked ...
1
vote
2answers
73 views

Whether Euclid considered squares to be rectangles

When I look up 'that which is right-angled but not equilateral' there are translations that show the word before the above phrase to 'oblong', some that show 'rectangle' and some that show both ...
10
votes
2answers
165 views

What explanations are there for this strong spike in the use of 'angular momentum' in the 1960s?

A recent comment called my attention to the Google Ngram for 'angular momentum', which shows a very strong and rather sharp peak in the usage of the phrase shortly after 1960, followed by a steady ...
3
votes
3answers
184 views

Where and how did scientists of the 18th and 19th century learn foreign languages?

I'm always amazed by the the apparent amount of foreign languages that scientists in the 18th and 19th centuries seem to have possessed. With the end of Latin as the main scholarly language, ...
1
vote
2answers
157 views

How many professors can read Latin in 1950 and 2000?

How many professors in EU can still read Latin in 1950? And how about 2000? I know many scientific literature were written in Latin in the past.
5
votes
2answers
520 views

What is the last physics paper or book written in Latin?

What is the last physics paper or book written in Latin? I know Carl Neumann, for example, wrote papers in Latin in the 19th century. Are there any more recently than that?
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Origin of use of “quotient” to describe structures induced by equivalence classes

I'm sure this question has been asked somewhere, but I have been unable to find it. Why is it that when we have some set $X$ with an equivalence relation $\equiv$, and $X$ has some structure (e.g. a ...
5
votes
1answer
131 views

“Number Theoretic” is wrong ? “Arithmetical” is right?

I don't recall the reference, but I read once in a work of Hardy's that "number-theoretic" should not be used when talking about number theory, however tempting it may be. So what do we say? I read ...
13
votes
5answers
2k views

What language was spoken at the International Mathematical Congress?

Over the years, what language was spoken at the International Mathematical Congress? I assume it is English right now, but it was founded by two German mathematicians, so I assume the language was ...