Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [medicine]

For questions about all areas of health care for humans, including diagnosis, treatment, and disease prevention.

6
votes
2answers
161 views

Has anything survived of the work of alleged science journalist and medical doctor 'Adolph Klein', allegedly born 1829 in Merseburg?

The Jewish Encyclopedia (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jewish_Encyclopedia) contains a sizeable entry on one 'Adolph Klein', allegedly born on 1829-05-29 in ther German city of Halle (Saale). ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

Who coined the term “immune system”?

Who coined the term "immune system"? The OED lists the following as its earliest example of the term "immune system": 1943 Science 30 Apr. 406/1Complement..is removed by the addition of an ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

English Literature/Medicine-18th Century Childbirth- Anyone know anything about the tools or process?

I am starting a PhD on Childbirth in the 18th century and was scheduled to meet a doctor of medicine who specialised in 18th medicine and history, however, this has fallen through and I really wanted ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Historical development of role of astrology in medicine?

The OED defines "iatromathematics" as Practising medicine in conjunction with astrology. Pre-17th century, it seems most scientists (physicians included) believed in the influence of the stars on ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Doctrine of the sterilazio magna

What was the "doctrine of sterilazio magna"? Example from 1912 article about the variability of drug effectiveness: "Although the doctrine of the sterilazio magna has only been urged against the ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

What did William Harvey think the stroke volume of a heart was?

I saw this quote in Richard Burton's Physiology by the Numbers Let us therefore take it that in a man the amount of blood pushed forward in the individual heartbeats is half an ounce, or three ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

How effective were pre-thermometer devices in e.g. detecting fever?

A thermometer is a "scaled" and therefore very accurate device in measuring body temperature, and thereby detecting fever. What happened before thermometers were introduced in their current form in ...
4
votes
1answer
112 views

At what point in the history of medicine did doctors start having a net positive effect?

The height of medical science used to be applying leeches and administering useless poisons, like mercury. Undoubtedly many patients were killed by harmful treatments, and few if any were helped. Have ...
9
votes
1answer
185 views

What is the history of the science about butter, margarine, and health?

Over time, the science on the issue of dietary fat and heart disease has undergone drastic changes, and in particular, advice to eat margarine rather than butter has been reversed. What is the history ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Study of embryos

I want to know how different stages of human development were elucidated. What experiments were done? Do they involve taking out zygotes, embryos, and fetuses at different stages? How could one study ...
5
votes
2answers
122 views

Explanation of the three peaks in Google ngram for 'syphilis'

Heres the google ngram for the word syphilis. I was wondering what these three peaks could be. Peak 1 - around 1870s - Repeal of the Contagious diseases act Peak 2 - around 1910s - Discovery of ...
4
votes
2answers
205 views

Looking for source of foods associated with specific humors

Let's get this out of the way- I am aware that this is nonsense today. However, historically it would have been considered science, so I'm asking here rather than in the History SE. Classically, ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Why did the APA require a NDA from DSM-5 task force members?

The Wikipedia page on DSM-5 says that the American Psychiatric Association (APA) mandated that DSM-5 task force members sign a nondisclosure agreement (NDA). What was APA's public rationale behind ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Was ibn Sina the only Muslim physician who influenced modern medicine?

Well when it comes to Muslim scholars who had influence in medicine the major books and scholars which are referred to is ibn Sina and his Canon القانون في الطب. But many other Muslim scholars have ...
3
votes
0answers
38 views

Assessing TB mortality due to M. bovis vs M. tuberculosis infections in pre-19th century England?

Over the years, and long before the discovery of the causative agent, tuberculosis was known by various names, including "phthisis" and "consumption". Robert Koch discovered Mycobacteria in 1882. We ...
7
votes
1answer
84 views

What vaccines did infants receive in late nineteenth century England?

I came across a WWI service record for a relative which includes his medical history. It notes that he was vaccinated in infancy: The person in question was born in 1897. I note on this simple ...
5
votes
1answer
409 views

What was the earliest documented zoonosis?

We know, of course, that zoonoses – diseases transmitted from animals to humans – have existed about as long as humans and animals have co-existed, but what was the earliest documented case of a ...
4
votes
1answer
356 views

How far can history of science be traced back?

Medicine is often traced back to Hippocrates, history to Herodotus. These claims of course tell only part of the story, but I've always been fascinated by figures which inspired successors to draw a ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

Origin of the idea that 'bad' emotions cause cancer

It's a quite common belief that emotions are a factor that may cause cancer. I don't believe this can be scientifically verified, which makes the idea just a myth. I'd like to know where does it come ...
7
votes
1answer
913 views

When did humans realize that sex leads to pregnancy?

When did primates, protohumans, or humans make the connection between sexual activity and pregnancy? I notice that many ancient statues depict pregnancy or penises, this may (tenuously) suggest that ...
6
votes
1answer
731 views

Cancer treatments development from research in Nazi Germany?

Were cancer treatments developed using knowledge obtained in Nazi Germany using practices which would have been considered unethical in liberal democracies of the same era?
13
votes
1answer
272 views

Four temperaments and medical methodology

One of the traditional ideas about personality was Temperament Theory which probably originated from Egypt and was developed by Hippocrates into a medical theory. In the tenth century, it was extended ...
6
votes
1answer
217 views

History related to the “2 litres of water per day” theory

Most people (including doctors) say and also newspapers states that an average person should drink 2 litres (approximately 8 glasses) of water per day. Even though this is very popular I have heard ...
5
votes
0answers
60 views

How did research reproducibility in medicine evolve over time?

Some recent studies have analyzed the percentage of research that is reproducible. E.g. Prinz, F.; Schlange, T.; Asadullah, K. (2011). "Believe it or not: How much can we rely on published data on ...
14
votes
2answers
354 views

When was cancer first recognised, and by whom?

Cancer is one of the most well known and widespread conditions in the modern world, it can be argued that everyone is affected either directly and indirectly throughout their lives. According to ...
10
votes
1answer
159 views

When and by who was fluoride found to prevent tooth decay?

In the Science Daily press release New evidence on how fluoride fights tooth decay (ACS, 2013), they report on recent research that may explain how fluoride strengthens tooth enamel. The report ...
13
votes
1answer
272 views

When and how was ionizing radiation found to be harmful?

The discoverers of radioactivity and its potential uses are renowned, e.g. Madame Curie and Roentgen. When was it discovered that human exposure to ionizing radiation including radioactive isotopes ...
16
votes
1answer
558 views

Why was asthma considered a psychosomatic condition during the first half of the 20th century?

Asthma has been known since Ancient Egypt, according to the Medical News Today web-article Asthma History - Through The Ages, with the first use of the word by Hippocrates in Ancient Greece. ...
16
votes
1answer
204 views

How did ancient Egyptians become aware of the analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties of cold?

Cooper, S. M., and R. P. R. Dawber. "The history of cryosurgery." Journal of the royal society of medicine 94.4 (2001): 196-201. claims: The benefits of cold have been appreciated for many ...
5
votes
1answer
82 views

Is it true that Hideyo Noguchi had neurosyphilis when carrying out his last experiments in Africa?

On the Wikipedia page on Hideyo Noguchi, one can find the following: Possibly his erratic and irresponsible behaviour was caused by the untreated syphilis with which he was diagnosed in 1913, and ...
10
votes
1answer
257 views

When and how was UV radiation found to be dangerous to human skin?

It is pretty common knowledge nowadays that prolonged exposure to solar ultraviolet radiation is dangerous to human skin, potentially resulting in cancers such as melanoma and photoaging. A bit of ...