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Questions tagged [newton]

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2
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1answer
52 views

What was Isaac Newton's contribution to optics?

What was Isaac Newton's contribution to optics? I know that he believed in the corpuscular theory of light. Did he know about the laws of reflection ad refraction?
5
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1answer
51 views

Refraction in Newton's Corpuscular Theory of Light [duplicate]

Newton's theory of light stated that a light travelled in a straight line as small particles. When these particles travelled in a medium, they experienced an attractive force with the particles of the ...
6
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1answer
144 views

Why is there little scholarship devoted to Book II of Newton's Principia?

Books I and III seem to receive the bulk of attention by Newton scholars, and historians more generally. However, I'm sure an in-depth study of Book II would shed light on Newton as a thinker -- for ...
-2
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1answer
111 views

Is Newton going to be the new Aristotle? [closed]

As general relativity and quantum mechanics become more accessible, is Newton going to become the new Aristotle, as the example of being wrong and misleading humanity for centuries? (as opposed to the ...
3
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1answer
125 views

How - Historically- René Descartes works affect the invention of calculus?

When "Cartesian coordinate system" been discovered By René Descartes, Algebra and Geometry become connected and vice versa , but how that exactly affect Newton and Gottfried Leibniz to invent what we ...
3
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1answer
97 views

How close was Hooke to developing a comprehensive system of gravity?

Was Hooke close to developing a physical system of gravity on the same level as Newton. looking at Luka Trkanjec's post on Quora, he insists that Newton was quite overrated in this regard, and that ...
0
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1answer
99 views

What was Newton's view of theory of matter?

Did Newton believe in infinitely small particle theory of matter? Because when he talks about axis of rotation, which is locus of the centers of the circles of the rotating body and particle on the ...
4
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2answers
152 views

Was Newton's successful calculation of precession of equinoxes a fluke?

I have looked at several sources, and Newton was right about the fact that the Earth is not a perfect sphere, but an ellipsoid caused the precession of equinoxes, as the Moon's gravitational ...
3
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1answer
110 views

Is there anything written by Newton's roommate Wilkins about him?

I've read that John Wilkins was Newton's room-mate and they lived together for 20 years. Is there anything about Newton written by Wilkins? By the way, there is nothing easily found on google.
10
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3answers
398 views

Was English mathematics behind Europe by many years because of Newton's notation?

Below are several quotes suggesting that Newton's notation had the effect of retarding English mathematics by 50 years, 100 years, or even centuries. Here is my simplistic two-sentence historical ...
0
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0answers
44 views

What were the first practical applications of Newton's mechanics on engine design?

I'm interested in when and how Isaac Newton's mechanics first came to be applied practically in engine design. Did for example Thomas Newcomen take advantage on Newtons discoveries when he invented ...
4
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1answer
116 views

Was Newton's method of finding derivatives of his fluents based on applying the chain rule?

Can Newton’s process for finding the derivative of y as a function of x resulting in $\frac{dy}{dx}$ be thought of as an application of the chain rule? My thinking is: If y is a (continuous?) ...
3
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1answer
112 views

Whose value of the distance to the Moon did Newton use?

I heard that Newton used the Moon acceleration to come up with his universal law of gravity, but in order to calculate its acceleration you need the distance to the Moon. Whose measurement of this ...
0
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1answer
231 views

How did Newton write his equations?

Once, after a lecture, my professor of differential equations said, that Newton did not use derivatives in his work as we do today. He told us that Newton rather used some series expansions for his ...
2
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1answer
487 views

Difficulty in Understanding Newton's Principia

I see in many essays about Newton's Principia how it was very difficult to read and follow, so I was wondering if any of you know of any quotes from mathematicians of the time to that effect.
3
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2answers
388 views

How did Newton & Raphson's version of the N-R method differ?

To quote Wikipedia, Raphson's most notable work... contains a method, now known as the Newton–Raphson method... Newton had developed a very similar formula in his Method of Fluxions, written in ...
1
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2answers
265 views

Allegations of Newton's untruthfulness

In 1696 Johann Bernoulli posed aproblem to Europe's mathematicians to find the path of shortest time for a mass to descend from a point A to a point B. Apart from Bernoulli only a hand full of other ...
-1
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6answers
232 views

How did heliocentrism survive after Galileo's sentencing?

Did the church continue to prosecute scientists for heliocentrism? If not, why not? What changed? Why didn't the church go after Isaac Newton?
0
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3answers
142 views

Absolute space and time before Newton

Why is so much emphasis put on the concepts of absolute space and time as the grand foundations of Newtonian mechanics, and not as foundations also of previous theories, as for example Kepler's laws ...
4
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3answers
272 views

Best books/papers on Newton and his mathematical physics

In your opinion, what are some of the best books/papers on Newton and his work that accurately cover the connections between his geometric proofs in the Principia and his development of the calculus ...
0
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2answers
178 views

Which problems led Newton to three laws of motion?

How did Newton come up with the three laws of motion? Are these laws are true of newton, or they are of Galileo.
0
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1answer
841 views

how did people build temples and buildings in the ancient times without knowing newton's law?

If nowaday an engineer needs to know high level of mathematics and physics to complete the constructions of bridges buildings and so on what happened in ancient rome, greek middle ages ? they had no ...
0
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1answer
279 views

Did Isaac Newton make astronomical observations?

What role did astronomy play for Isaac Newton? He was a good friend with Edmond Halley the astronomer. Kepler's laws were obviously the foundation for his physics. And he revolutionized optics too, ...
1
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1answer
383 views

Newton , Binomial Series and Power Series , and James Gregory

After 2 month long search on the net, I was lucky enough to find a pdf on how Newton found the series for sine. It was a beautiful derivation mostly geometrical. But he used the Binomial Series. Now ...
0
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1answer
82 views

Do we have any idea on how Newton developed his method of fluxions? [duplicate]

Do we know if he knew of the previous works done on this subject? Do we have any idea of his thought process? Do we even know anything about this?
8
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3answers
560 views

How did Newton and Kepler (actually) do it?

Today if I want to calculate an elliptical orbit of some object due to the gravity of another, I use Runge-Kutta integration, and I can see the individual steps I use shown in that article. Back "in ...
7
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4answers
2k views

Why is calculus missing from Newton's Principia?

I'm not suggesting that Newton did not discover calculus - the question is written this way to express my surprise that the Principia does not use the methods of calculus (or 'fluxions'). He instead ...