Questions tagged [reference-request]

For questions that are requesting specific literature references

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1answer
182 views

Abraham's electromagnetism book and its story

Max Abraham is well known for his electromagnetic mass theory, and his book Theorie der Elektrizität is said to be read widely around 1900. I am trying to find this book, but the editions look like a ...
5
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1answer
239 views

Where can I find the original presentation of the proof, due to Grothendieck, of the $\bar\partial$-Poincaré lemma?

In complex geometry, there is the a lemma, analogous to the Poincaré lemma in (real) differential geometry, which states that a $(p,q)$-form that is $\bar\partial$-closed is locally $\bar\partial$-...
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0answers
62 views

Years to Learn to Build an IC

So, for a couple years now I've been quoting someone that said that it would take about 150 years of education to learn everything it'd take to build an integrated circuit, start to finish. Thing is, ...
11
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0answers
18k views

Who first defined the “equal-delta” or “delta over equal” ($\triangleq$) symbol?

The symbol $\triangleq$ is sometimes used in mathematics (and physics) for a definition. It is instantiated for instance in the Unicode Character 'DELTA EQUAL TO' (U+225C). The notation $t \...
8
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1answer
630 views

Where did Rayleigh derive the ultraviolet catastrophe?

Where can I find this paper: J.W. Strutt, Verh. d. deutsch. phys. Ges. 2, 65 (1900). It is presumably where Rayleigh derived the black-body radiation formula (the incorrect one that has ultraviolet ...
4
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1answer
157 views

What were standard university texts in algebra in the mid 19th century?

Dedekind in 1872 wrote that equations like $\sqrt{2}\cdot\sqrt{3}=\sqrt{6}$ ``to the best of my knowledge have never been established before'' (Continuity and Irrational Numbers, p. 22). This was ...
5
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1answer
114 views

Origins and history of branched covering

During my research on branched coverings of the projective plane, I am interested to know the origins and history of branched coverings of the projective plane and the projective line, together with ...
11
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4answers
675 views

What major areas of mathematics have been abandoned?

It seems that the focus of mathematical research moves on every so often, and some areas are not proven wrong, but have just become uninteresting in the current mathematical culture. I was under the ...
9
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1answer
343 views

Does anyone know the physics student who passed a quantum mechanics oral exam without taking quantum mechanics?

Many years ago I read an interview with a physics professor, where he recounted a funny situation when he was a graduate student at Harvard. When a first year, he was supposed to take the quantum ...
3
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1answer
1k views

What is the origin of the term “ordinary differential equations”?

Who has first used the term "ordinary differential equation"? Is it known, why the term "ordinary" is used here? What makes an ODE "ordinary"?
0
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1answer
93 views

on the classification of singular points

After reading this question and the answers to it, I am interested o know who were the first mathematicians who started classifying singular points of curves: i.e. different kind of nodes, of cusps ...
5
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1answer
203 views

Grothendieck and Elementary Topos

I would like to know some references (if any) for the claim that Grothendieck didn't like the idea of elementary topos.
6
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1answer
102 views

What are the earliest known accounts of the demarcation problem (science versus pseudo science)?

The demarcation problem, i.e. the problem of differentiating science from pseudo science has been on my mind recently. This might be considered a philosophy topic for philoSE but since my question has ...
8
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1answer
195 views

What are some of the most complete genealogies of scientific and mathematical subject areas?

I am interested in the way scientific and mathematical subject areas developed (and are still developing). One of the great visual tools that can help us gain insight in how these areas developed is ...
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3answers
290 views

Historically accurate alternatives to “Men of Mathematics”?

I have heard that the book "Men of Mathematics" by E. Bell is a very entertaining text composed of several biographies of a number of influential mathematicians, and is in fact one of the most popular ...
1
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1answer
140 views

Origin of the Riemann-Lebesgue lemma

When and where did Riemann and Lebesgue give the well known Riemann-Lebesgue lemma? A "lemma" is usually used as a stepping stone to a larger result rather than as a statement of interest by itself. ...
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1answer
122 views

Biography on Georg Cantor

I am looking for biographical works about Georg Cantor's life. All I have found right now are short encyclopedia-style articles that skim the important points of his life or works mainly focused on ...
4
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0answers
57 views

What came first: pythagoras number or pythagorean fields?

Which concept was first introduced: the pythagoras number of a field or pythagorean fields? I have not found anything on this matter, but my gut feeling says the latter. One can more directly link the ...
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2answers
140 views

What manuscript is depicted in the HSM advertisement?

The following advertisement recently appeared in the sidebar on math.se: Is the Greek script on the left actually from a mathematical manuscript? What is its source?
3
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1answer
188 views

Where was the Banach-Mazur Theorem originally published?

I would like to cite the original source for the Banach-Mazur Theorem that the space $\mathcal{C}([0,1])$ of continuous functions on the unit interval is universal for separable Banach spaces, i.e., ...
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1answer
174 views

Is there a Martin Gardner's article archive available online?

Martin Gardener was a great recreational mathematics expert and his column "Mathematical Games" is an all time hit. But is there any archive available online consist of his article (preferably in PDF ...
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2answers
135 views

Any modern translations of famous math papers?

I was curious to know if there are any resources similar to Early Modern Texts? What the author of the site has done is taken older and also famous philosophy papers and translated them with more ...
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4answers
1k views

Who was the first to say “Shut up and calculate!”?

The best thing I could find on the internet was this apparently forgotten aricle from 12 years ago.
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1answer
498 views

What is the original source for Abel's quote about Gauss:“He is like the fox, who effaces his tracks in the sand with his tail”?

According to the editor of the German version of Ian Stewart's "The Problems of Mathematics", on page 226 of the biography of Gauß authored by Erich Worbs (C. F. Gauß: Ein Lebensbild. Koehler & ...
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1answer
3k views

An English copy of One Hundred Authors Against Einstein?

I've been trying to find the famous article, "One hundred authors against Einstein" (100 Autoren gegen Einstein), of various objections to special relativity, which is quite often referenced, but ...
2
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1answer
92 views

Two articles of Poincaré

In Jammer's book Concepts of Simultaneity on page 108, there is a reference to two of Poincaré's papers: "...his 1904 lecture on St. Louis..." "...his contribution to the Lorentz Festschrift." ...
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1answer
218 views

Classic mathematics books by British mathematicians

Having recently read a review that expounded on the rigour and depth of books by 'earlier' British mathematicians (mainly analysts) I would like to know more. My own research yielded the following ...
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2answers
229 views

What are the earliest mentions of Prime Numbers?

Egyptians and Babylonians must have had some ideas about primes but what are the earliest mentions or comments? Where is the first list of primes? After Burkert's work on Pythagoreanism an answer ...
6
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1answer
452 views

Why does Aristotle write 'astrology' when Plato writes 'astronomy'?

Checking modern quotes from Aristotle almost everywhere the word astronomy is found to be replacing the original Greek or Latin astrology' (astrologia). In Plato'...
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0answers
127 views

Where did the divide and conquer method for radix conversion come from?

While doing the tedious work of documenting my software I tried to find the original source of the divide and conquer method for the conversion of numbers of one base to a number in another base (...
3
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2answers
91 views

Biographical articles on Newton and Galileo by physicist or historian

I am going to give a lecture to school children on the lives of Newton, Galileo and Einstein. I have enough literature on Einstein but not enough on the lives of Galileo and Newton. So I am looking ...
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66 views

Is there any online resource on Yitang Zhang's biography?

Where I should look for a biographical note on Yitang Zhang's life. I read the wikipedia article but it does not provide any in depth perception on his life. There is nothing on here. If anybody knows ...
2
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0answers
59 views

Trying to learn some history of mathematics with parabolic Anderson model (PAM) as theme

I have been recently trying to find context and motivation for my Ph.D. Thesis in probability theory. I have not much background on the history of my theme. I just studied it aiming at solving a ...
3
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2answers
621 views

Euler's formula for product of cosines

According to "Squaring the Circle" by Ernest Hobson, this formula $$\theta =\frac{\sin\theta}{\cos\frac\theta2\cdot \cos\frac\theta4\cdot \cos\frac\theta8\dots}$$ for $\theta<\pi$ is due to Euler. ...
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1answer
176 views

Where did d'Alembert published the ratio test?

The Wikipedia article ratio test states that it was first published by Jean le Rond d'Alembert. In which of his works did he state the ratio test?
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2answers
224 views

Where I can find the translated manuscript of Abel?

I am looking for the translated manuscript of Abel where he proved the unsolvability of the quintic. Can anyone give me a pointer? I tried google but nothing came up.
0
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0answers
38 views

Original paper for Young's double slit experiments [duplicate]

I'm trying to find the original papers describing Young's double slit experiments including his experimental set-ups and findings. I've tried looking and all I can find is http://www....
2
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1answer
48 views

Where to look for information on technological advances in lithium-ion batteries?

For my philosophy of science class, I'm looking for references that will provide a historical / science philosophical insight on the development and advances of lithium-ion batteries. For now, I ...
8
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1answer
728 views

How was curvature originally defined and calculated?

I am interested in the early history of curvature. Who defined it first and when, who came up with the name, how was it calculated before mathematicians used calculus to define $k=|α''(s)|$? Are there ...
3
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1answer
366 views

How did Saint Vincent prove the logarithmic property of areas under hyperbolas?

How did Saint Vincent prove that if $\frac{a}{b} = \frac{c}{d}$, then the area of a hyperbola $y = \frac{1}{x}$ from $a$ to $b$ equals the area from $c$ to $d$? What references (pdfs, links, books) ...
5
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1answer
491 views

History of the d'Ocagne's identity for Fibonacci numbers

The d'Ocagne's identity is normally stated as $(-1)^n F_{m-n} = F_m F_{n+1}-F_n F_{m+1}$. Every book about the Fibonacci numbers has this formula in it, but I can't find any context about it. When ...
3
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1answer
99 views

Origin of the term “operator spectrum” and its relation to spectrum in physics

I believe i have been looking in the Internet once for the origin of the term "spectrum" in functional analysis and saw that the term was proposed by someone (by Hilbert?) with no relation to physics, ...
2
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1answer
541 views

Origin of Cauchy convergence test

Obviously Cauchy's convergence test is named after Augustin-Louis Cauchy. Is he the person who first proved this criterion or is it another misnamed theorem? If so: In which treatise?
2
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1answer
482 views

Where is the root test first proved

Concerning the Wikipedia article "root test", this convergence criterion for series was first proved by Augustin-Louis Cauchy. What is the name of the treatise where he proved the root test? Which ...
5
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1answer
191 views

Where can I learn more about lesser known mathematicians?

I'm reaching the point in my mathematical career that the names aren't so well known. Everybody knows that Euler was great and Gauss was even better, and it's not hard to learn that if Riemann died ...
3
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1answer
223 views

Classical source for theorem on three parallel lines cut by two transversals

I am trying to find a classical source for the following theorem about parallel lines and transversals: If three parallel lines are cut by two transversals, then the segments between the ...
5
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1answer
144 views

Primary reference for a formula related to the Faa di Bruno formula

In discussing Lie derivatives in his book Advanced Combinatorics (Reidel, 1974, pg. 220), Comtet refers to a formula of Pourchet related to the celebrated Faa di Bruno formula. Other references to ...
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2answers
3k views

The history and motivation of eigenvectors

I want to understand more about the history of eigenvectors. Was the discovery of eigenvectors inspired from an application to achieve a result in a historical context, was there a phenomenon which ...
8
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1answer
574 views

Did Gauss say “there have been but three epoch-making mathematicians, Archimedes, Newton and Eisenstein”?

In Wikipedia I found this claim by E.T. Bell in his Men of Mathematics. However in the next paragraph it says that "it is doubtful that Gauss put Eisenstein in the same league as Newton", which makes ...
4
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1answer
120 views

Looking for a Book Which Discusses the Rigor in Newton's Principia Mathematica

About an year ago, I had seen an article somewhere on the internet which discussed Newton's Principia Mathematica and the rigor (or lack thereof) of the arguments presented. I have forgotten who the ...