Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [scientific-method]

The tag has no usage guidance.

0
votes
1answer
52 views

Real effects long thought to be coincidences

What examples are there of scientific effects or correlations that we now know to be real, and were known about for a long time but thought to be coincidences? To give an example of the kind of thing ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Example of: Two researchers working on the same question but get opposite conclusions [closed]

I wish to know about whether such example exists, could someone please help and tell me some stories about this? p.s: Also I wonder why such thing can happen. I wish the two main characters in the ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

historical examples of “pseudoscience” becoming “science”

What are some historical examples of theories/ideas that were initially labeled "pseudoscience" and later considered legitimate "science"? I don't mean theories or ideas that were initially not ...
4
votes
3answers
155 views

The Greeks did not discover “a single scientific law”

The title is drawn from a sentence in a Jim Holt article, "The Dangerous Idea of the Infinitesimal," now a chapter in his book collection.1 I found this a striking claim, and perhaps true, as the ...
6
votes
1answer
87 views

What is Peirce doing in this pre-Chi-squared example?

In 1878, C. S. Peirce performed a calculation that (I think) would be better done using chi-squared testing — but Pearson hasn’t introduced that yet. What exactly is Peirce doing here in the last ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

What was Pauling's Claim about Vitamin C

As I understand it after winning two (un-shared) Nobel prizes Linus Pauling began work which eventually had him recommending large amounts of vitamin C to all and sundry. When another scientist was ...
5
votes
3answers
96 views

How was the idea of observation error introduced?

The first thing a contemporary student of physics learns is the measurement error. As far as I understand, the idea of imprecision was totally foreign to natural philosophers at least until the end of ...
0
votes
3answers
70 views

Does war speed up technological advancements and research?

I've heard of Nazi Germany developing many a tech that we still use today and that communication technology such as the telegraph came about due to war time needs. I was wondering to what extent does ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Who was the first person to give a definition of the scientific method?

Reading about the scientific method I found that the classical definition I got in school (observation - induction - hypoteshis - experimentation - demostration or refutation and tesis or scientific ...
0
votes
2answers
147 views

Books on scientific method for laymen

Could anyone recommend books that introduce to a layman science and its method/spirit? In particular, it should talk about what is science, what is the scientific method and why it works. After ...
1
vote
0answers
89 views

Was Newton aware of a nascent inverse function theorem?

More specifically, was Newton aware that given an inverse pair of functions $f$ and $h$ such that $$f(h(x)) = x = h(f(x))$$ about the origin that, for $$(x,y)=(h(y),f(x)),$$ the derivatives satisfy ...
4
votes
3answers
234 views

Best books/papers on Newton and his mathematical physics

In your opinion, what are some of the best books/papers on Newton and his work that accurately cover the connections between his geometric proofs in the Principia and his development of the calculus ...
2
votes
2answers
421 views

Did Karl Popper argue against Bayesian inference?

I am somewhat familiar with the works of Karl Popper and his opposition to using past data to induce prospects of future events, however disclaimed as uncertain, AKA historicism. He contributed to ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

How and when did the Titius-Bode rule first become known as a “law”?

The Titius-Bode rule's fit to the solar system was a bit clunky at best, and it was not really testable in its day. It could not have been used to predict something else, and then that prediction ...
5
votes
2answers
266 views

How important was the prediction of Neptune in 1846 for the Oxford evolution debate?

The short story is that based on Kepler's and Newton's physics, in 1846 Le Verrier mathematically predicted the existence and current location of Neptune within a single angular degree, and it was ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Is there Any scientific law has proven wrong? [duplicate]

As we know that our thirst for knowledge is unstoppable and we learn new things every time which sometimes proves past things wrong… So my question Is there Any scientific law has proven wrong? I ...
13
votes
4answers
322 views

Are there examples of influential scientific articles first rejected and later proved to be valid?

Can you think of examples of influential scientific articles that at first were rejected by the reviewers but where later recognized as a great and influential contribution?
5
votes
3answers
2k views

What was the major influence of Francis Bacon on the development of modern science?

I am reading "Advice for young investigators" by Santiago Ramón y Cajal , in which the author suggested Francis Bacon had made no impact on the scientific development*: "It would not be wise in ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Was Isaac Newton the first person to articulate the scientific method in Europe?

Newton is frequently seen as the founder of Western science. Was he the first person to explicitly articulate the scientific method?
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Galileo's pendulum and any references

In some texts about the simple pendulum we use to see references about some "experiments" Galileo Galilei did realize and whereby he found some important results, including that the period of the ...
5
votes
1answer
171 views

Who was first to observe or detect photons in the double slit experiment, and how did they do that?

In the early 1800s Thomas Young introduced (a thought-?) experiment also known as the two slit experiment. He discovered the strange way photons created a interference pattern on a screen. There is ...
12
votes
3answers
918 views

Grothendieck's Approach to Solving Problems

Alexander Grothendieck is known to have revolutionized several areas of mathematics. His insights were very deep, original and revolutionary. Time after time he showed that he could see in ways that ...
9
votes
2answers
797 views

Why were Newton's laws accepted when there exists a counter-example?

Though the planets of Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn seemed to obey Kepler's laws, Mercury did not. I just found this page which states that the discrepancy was noted very soon after newton ...
16
votes
4answers
1k views

Is the Scientific Method uniquely Western?

I'm studying High School Science teaching in Australia. In our Science curriculum there are "cross-curriculum" priorities "Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories and cultures" and "Asia and ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

What were the cultural attitudes of Indian proto-scientists to findings versus recognition; and knowledge as private property; between 1526 and 1949?

Elsewhere it has been suggested that, between 1526 and 1949, that Indian proto-scientists "were more interested in sharing knowledge with the rest of the world," than in knowledge as private property, ...
5
votes
0answers
60 views

How did research reproducibility in medicine evolve over time?

Some recent studies have analyzed the percentage of research that is reproducible. E.g. Prinz, F.; Schlange, T.; Asadullah, K. (2011). "Believe it or not: How much can we rely on published data on ...
15
votes
8answers
4k views

Famous Scientific Conflicts and Controversies

To clear any misunderstandings, I am interested not in the gossipy aspect of the matter (i.e. conflicts that had mainly to do with character-clashes and idiosyncratic psychs) but rather in conflicts ...
9
votes
1answer
127 views

What are the earliest accounts of a scientific method?

The ancient Egyptians used examination, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis, to the treatment of diseases, which are all described in Egyptian medical textbooks from around c. 1600 BC. Did the ...
37
votes
3answers
2k views

Was Occam’s razor ever wrong?

In brief, I am looking for an example where Occam’s razor favoured a theory A over another theory B, but theory B turned out to be a better description of reality later. But let me formulate some ...