Questions tagged [statistics]

For questions about the science that deals with classification, analysis and interpretation of numerical facts and data.

12 questions with no upvoted or accepted answers
Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
10
votes
0answers
68 views

Why are the classic statistical approaches to NLP mostly generative models while the most recent ones are mostly discriminative?

Looking at the classic statistical approaches to natural language processing (e.g. tagging, parsing, etc.), I see that they are mostly generative models: n-gram models, Naive Bayes classifiers, hidden ...
8
votes
0answers
85 views

On the history of population dynamics of territorial species

I am interested in the historical priority in population biology, essays or monographs, discussing the concept of territoriality prior to 1950. What is it? In the early 18th century discussions of ...
7
votes
0answers
175 views

Mathematical counterintelligence at Bletchley during World War 2

Popular works of fiction claim that after breaking the Enigma in Bletchley, some sophisticated mathematics or statistical techniques were used to hide this fact of breaking (not necessarily by the ...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

Raymond Cattell and History of Personality Traits Prior 1947

I find that papers reference Raymond Cattell suggesting 16 or 22, etc, traits, by factor analysis (basically regression), including all five of the modern reproducible traits (openness to experience, ...
3
votes
0answers
101 views

Why do we see the modern version of regression as “Fisher's regression”?

In Fisher's paper, he did not include the error term. http://psychclassics.yorku.ca/Fisher/Methods/chap5.htm But Durbin & Watson suggested the error term, and also made the matrix form of the ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Introduction of shape parameters in the formulation of probability distribution

I'm familiar with the definition of location, scale, and shape parameters, and the type of distributions they parametrized. I'm interested in understanding how shape parameters became part of the ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Who came up with a number of the theoretical plates equation?

In chromatography, the signal is shaped like a Gaussian peak, and it is plotted against time vs. instrument's signal. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromatography#/media/File:Rt_5_12.png (a) One of ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

Historical development of role of astrology in medicine?

The OED defines "iatromathematics" as Practising medicine in conjunction with astrology. Pre-17th century, it seems most scientists (physicians included) believed in the influence of the stars on ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Origin of diagrammatics illustrating the relation between cumulants and moments?

The exponential-log transformation of exponential generating functions (see OEIS A036040 and A127671) relate the classical cumulants to their associated moments. Who were some of the first to ...
1
vote
0answers
75 views

Why do we often minimize in optimization?

Because of the following relation, \begin{equation*} \inf(S) = -\sup(-S), \end{equation*} minimization and maximization is essentially the same thing. However, take any optimization routine in R for ...
0
votes
0answers
51 views

Statistical Power as a Microscope Metaphor

An answer on this question on the cross validated stack exchange compared statistical power to a microscope, such that "in order to see small things you need a powerful microscope" is analogous to "in ...
0
votes
0answers
228 views

What defines the 'name' of a score i.e. gamma, kappa etc

I was just wondering if there is a process or set of properties that exist to name a score, such as, Cohen’s Kappa, Fleiss’ Kappa, Krippendorff’s Alpha, or if it is just at the creators choice. ...