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10 votes
1 answer

Why did 92% of cases of simultaneous discovery in the 17th century end in dispute?

I read on : One of the earliest research journals is the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, created in the 17th century. At that ...
Franck Dernoncourt's user avatar
20 votes
3 answers

What was the connection between David Hilbert and Stefan Banach?

The so-called "Hilbert space" is named after mathematician David Hilbert. Later, this was generalized into "Banach spaces" by Stefan Banach. My understanding is that Hilbert was ...
Tom Au's user avatar
  • 2,154
17 votes
1 answer

Did the Digges Telescope actually exist?

There are many claimants for the first telescope. Amongst these are the claims placed at the doors of Bacon and Digges. The Bacon claim is very sketchy, boiling down to one sentence and is easy to ...
winwaed's user avatar
  • 2,068
10 votes
1 answer

Was the take off of neural computing research in the 80's due to Japan?

Chow, Tommy WS, and John Sum. "Guest editorial: special issue on the emerging applications of neural networks." Neural Computing & Applications 20.7 (2011): 923-924. says: The take off of ...
Franck Dernoncourt's user avatar
29 votes
2 answers

When and how was the geometric understanding of gauge theories developed?

In theoretical physics, the modern perspective on gauge theory is that it is most elegantly described in the 'language' of differential geometry. I am interested in the history behind these ideas. ...
Danu's user avatar
  • 3,812
74 votes
5 answers

Why was Évariste Galois killed?

It is well known that Évariste Galois died a young man. I have heard that he died in a duel. What was the duel about? More rather what is the back story behind his death and did he really write down ...
Ali Caglayan's user avatar
  • 1,556
9 votes
1 answer

What theories preceded the wave, particles and duality models of light?

Currently, the wave-particle duality model for light is the accepted model. From HyperPhysics: The evidence for the description of light as waves was well established at the turn of the century ...
user avatar
25 votes
1 answer

When did the names of scientists first become the names of scientific units?

Many scientific units are named after scientists, for example, Tesla for magnetic flux Farad for capacitance Newton for force. When did the tradition of naming scientific units begin?
user avatar
23 votes
4 answers

Ancient Chinese numbering system

It has been said that the invention of zero was a great leap forward, not only in abstract understanding, but in the ability to introduce place value notation and do computations; computing using ...
rogerl's user avatar
  • 663
74 votes
3 answers

What evidence is there that Fermat had a proof for his Last Theorem?

Aside from the fact that Fermat was a genius, is it probable that he actually did have a proof? Some specifics that I think would point one way or another: Would the mathematics of his day allow him ...
Carlos Bribiescas's user avatar
25 votes
4 answers

Irrationality of the square root of 2

We know that Pythagoreans in Ancient Greece discovered that the square root of two is an irrational number. Why was that discovery historically significant? What value was that knowledge to the ...
Spectre's user avatar
  • 359
15 votes
1 answer

Cauchy's undead theory

A well known urban legend states that Cauchy's last words to the Academy where: C'est ce que j'expliquerai plus au long dans un prochain mémoire. ("I will explain it in greater detail in my next ...
VicAche's user avatar
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