17 votes
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What major areas of mathematics have been abandoned?

I would say that no area of mathematics has ever been completely abandoned. The areas go in and out of fashion, but nothing seems to be completely abandoned. For example, approximately in 1940's most ...
Alexandre Eremenko's user avatar
13 votes
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What did the study plan of a early 20th century mathematics undergraduate program look like?

Here is an example. link https://iiif.lib.harvard.edu/manifests/view/drs:467220382$1i Official Register of Harvard University Volume VI, May 26, 1909, number 16 Announcement of the Courses of ...
Gerald Edgar's user avatar
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11 votes
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How did 19th century physicists do their undergraduate/graduate studies?

The status of scientific education in the 19th century is a very complicated mess, especially for the fact that every country worked different than the others. I know of no book or article that ...
cesaruliana's user avatar
9 votes

What major areas of mathematics have been abandoned?

Geometry I'm not sure you can really call geometry abandoned, but it certainly was much more popular a few hundred years ago (discovery of spherical geometry and hyperbolical geometry, parallel axiom ...
wythagoras's user avatar
  • 3,042
6 votes
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Why did Einstein stop publishing so many papers in Annalen der Physik?

It is true that after 1914 (and the "Foundations of General Relativity" article), Einstein only published a few articles, exclusively replies to criticism, in the Annalen der Physik. The major reason ...
Jim's user avatar
  • 116
5 votes

What major areas of mathematics have been abandoned?

Another example is the study of configurations; its history is given in §1.2 of Branko Grünbaum's Configurations of Points and Lines, Graduate Studies in Mathematics volume 103, American Mathematical ...
Brian Hopkins's user avatar
5 votes

Was fake/rigged data common prior to the 20th century?

Charles Babbage (the grandfather of the computer) in the Reflections on the Decline of Science in England, and on Some of Its Causes (1830) writes about misconduct in science and criticizes British ...
Mauricio's user avatar
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4 votes

For many years, were Emmy Noether and Helene Braun the only female mathematicians to obtain habilitation at Göttingen University?

In fact, according to the book "Des Kennenlernens werth": bedeutende Frauen Göttingens, only one other woman apart from Emy Noether achieved habilitation in Göttingen during the Weimar Republic: the ...
Charo's user avatar
  • 279
4 votes

How did German become the language of science?

Related question: "What is the history of scientific Latin?" This answer to that question has a very nice quote by Gauss discussing his Latin: From G. Waldo Dunnington's 2004 biography of Gauss, ...
Geremia's user avatar
  • 5,329
4 votes

What major areas of mathematics have been abandoned?

I suppose the prime example would be classical invariant theory (CIT), although agreeing with Alexander, and despite exaggerated news of its death it had some bursts of revival recently. It is ...
Abdelmalek Abdesselam's user avatar
4 votes
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How did Wittgenstein fulfill eligibility requirements for a PhD in philosophy without having a Bachelor's degree in philosophy?

In the early and mid-20th century in Anglo-American higher education, exceptions of this sort occurred for individuals who showed that they could hold their own in elite academic circles. An example ...
B Allen's user avatar
  • 64
3 votes

Latin academic positions

Possible sources : Alan Cobban, The Medieval Universities: Their Development and Organization (1975) and Alan Cobban, English University Life In The Middle Ages (1999). More general : History of ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
3 votes

What was the last important scientific work written in Latin?

C. Truesdell, Solutio generalis et accurata problematum quamplurimorum de motu corporum elasticorum incomprimibilium in deformationibus valde magnis, Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis, ...
Andrea Alciato's user avatar
2 votes

When did anonymous peer review appear and what were the motivations behind it?

We can find the first peer review procedures as early as the mid-19th century when the importance of scientific journals increased. As Aileen Fyfe and Noah Moxham could show in their analyses of the ...
Alexander's user avatar
2 votes

How did German become the language of science?

A brief nubbin of an answer, but I think neglected by other answers: Bismarck's big centralized push to subsidize science and industry, in order to overtake Britain in such, in particular (and perhaps ...
paul garrett's user avatar
  • 1,066
2 votes

What major areas of mathematics have been abandoned?

A lot of mathematical activities related to hand computing have been obsoleted by computers. Devising tables by hand such as logarithm tables, trigonometric tables, mortgage/amortization tables etc ...
coudy's user avatar
  • 233
2 votes

Quantitative measures of rise and decline of scientific fields over time (beyond number of publications)

While there is not likely to be a single source which addresses your query, direction and suggestions may be had from several differing sources: Machlup's 1962 The Production And Distribution Of ...
DJohnson's user avatar
  • 347
1 vote

What did scientific research look like during the colonial era of British America?

Benjamin Franklin was the originator of the terms "positive" and "negative" as they refer to electric charges (but of course those same words referring to other things existed ...
Michael Hardy's user avatar
1 vote

Quantitative measures of rise and decline of scientific fields over time (beyond number of publications)

I would look for measures of robusteness of (connected components of) the network. The number of connected components itself is probably a very rough measure. What happens if you randomly delete a ...
Nicola Ciccoli's user avatar
1 vote

How did German become the language of science?

German physics and the Journal "Poggendorff's Annalen" contributed to German becoming a scientific language in circa 1840s. From Jungnickel & McCormmach's Second Physicist: On the ...
Geremia's user avatar
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