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Charles Babbage (the grandfather of the computer) in the Reflections on the Decline of Science in England, and on Some of Its Causes (1830) writes about misconduct in science and criticizes British science for lack of disciplined data recollection. He provides an insight of how common it was. He divided fraud in four practices: Hoaxing: falsifying the ...


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While there is not likely to be a single source which addresses your query, direction and suggestions may be had from several differing sources: Machlup's 1962 The Production And Distribution Of Knowledge In The United States focuses on the patent system but expands widely beyond that. https://www.google.com/books/edition/...


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