Questions tagged [aristotle]

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Did Archimedes or anyone else prior to Galileo think that heavier things did not fall faster?

I think I saw a high school science film in which Galileo is eating with nobility or something and the scientist amazes a young woman by simply dropping an orange and a grape, saying, if heavier ...
releseabe's user avatar
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What justified that impetus was in proportion to speed and weight?

I often see the claim that impetus, the ancestor of momentum, was understood to be proportional to speed and weight. For example, Jean Buridan wrote: When a mover sets a body in motion he implants ...
Andrew R.'s user avatar
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How did Aristotle explain the motion of living things moving by themselves, and falling of objects, with his hypothesis of all motion needing a cause?

Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC), a pioneering, iconoclastic, and brilliant ancient Greek philosopher, made the observation in his writings that the long term stable state of objects is at rest, that ...
Ritesh Singh's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
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Aristotelian explanation of magnetism

How did Aristotle explain magnetism? As far as I know, there were only 7 postulates in Aristotelian mechanics: The first hypothesis Earth is the center of the universe. Second hypothesis All material ...
GedankenExperimentalist's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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What was Aristotle's experience with vacuums?

What was Aristotle's idea of a vacuum when he said that nature abhors one? How would any ancient have experienced/observed or created a vacuum beside, I guess, when one breathes or perhaps when water ...
releseabe's user avatar
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What is Aristotle's view on Plant generation?

I am new to Aristotle study, In Book 1 of Generation of Aristotle give his view on plant generation, In Book 1.1 Aristotle writes " But all those creatures which do not move, as the Testacea and ...
Abhishek Yadav's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
543 views

What is "female seed" in Galen's work?

On the last page (page 84) of Anthony Preus's paper$^\star$ on Galen's criticism of Aristotle's Conception Theory, the author writes that Galen discussing the second book of "On Seed", which ...
Abhishek Yadav's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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How did Aristotle die? [closed]

Wikipedia says he died of natural causes. I recall going through a N. Wildberger lecture on the history of mathematics and got a different account. He was stabbed by a Roman soldier while Rome was ...
deostroll's user avatar
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2 answers
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Did Aristotle note that ships disappear over the horizon hull-first?

I have run across several references to Aristotle's arguments for a spherical earth which claim that he noted that ships sink over horizon hull-first. For instance, Isaac Asimov writes in his essay ...
Endy's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
749 views

When was the diving bell invented?

This question comes from my attempts to give a good answer to the previous question, How was difference in water pressure perceived in ancient cultures or the middle ages? I know from my childhood ...
Alexandre Eremenko's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
6k views

Why did Aristotle make mistakes in his laws of motion?

I was studying Aristotle's laws of motion and comparing them to Newton's. He states that heavier bodies fall faster than lighter ones. I really can't understand how he could have committed such a ...
jack's user avatar
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Was Aristotle really wrong about gravity?

When I was in 9th grade, I learned that Aristotle was responsible for holding back physics for centuries because he said that heavier objects fall faster than lighter objects. Finally, in the 16th ...
Craig Feinstein's user avatar