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Galen's theory of conception, and its relationships to Hippocratic Aristotelian and other ancient theories, is discussed by Boylan in The Galenic and Hippocratic Challenges to Aristotle's Conception Theory Hippocrates and Galen were dual seed theorists, so for them both male and female produce seeds that contribute to inheritance in the offspring, but the ...


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There were no Roman soldiers in Greek lands when Aristotle died. Probably he died of natural causes, though I've heard of a speculation that he was murdered on the order of Alexander the great. It is true that at some point Alexandre went crazy and started killing his friends, for example Callisthenes, a great nephew of Aristotle. But I think this ...


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Everyone makes mistakes. Look at Newton, even though he knew perfectly well that action at a distance was philosophically speaking, nonsense, he still went with it because he could see no way past this impasse. It was only after Einstein we see where the mistake is. Neverthless, we don't belittle Newton for not inventing general relativity, and celebrate ...


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