36

The Russians picked up a similar number of "rocket scientists" as the West, but the lesser ones. These were taken to newly-constructed but isolated scientific facilities at places like Gorodomiya Island on a lake northwest of Moscow. They were housed with Russian scientists in relatively comfortable (by Russian standards) facilities, near their place of ...


9

Many German scientists were either captured by the Soviet army or were surrended to the Soviets after their capture by Western armies. All of these scientists were enslaved by the Soviets and forced to work on various scientific projects. The experience of one of Germany's greatest scientists, Manfred von Ardenne, is representative. After voluntarily ...


9

Indeed, funding of mathematics, together with other science and engineering fields experienced a sharp increase between 1957 and 1970. The number of PhD awarded in these fields in USA tripled during this period, and this was the fastest growth for any period after WWII. https://www.nsf.gov/statistics/2018/nsf18304/static/report/nsf18304-report.pdf But the "...


8

Here is a partial translation of a Russian article about the history of semiconductors (part that addresses Soviet contributions): 1948-1950. Not only in the United States, but also in other countries there have been scientific research in the field of semiconductors. For instance, a Soviet physicist V.E. Loshkarev as early as in 1946 discovered the bipolar ...


8

The quote appears to be from: Stuart Dreyfus, (2002) Richard Bellman on the Birth of Dynamic Programming. Operations Research 50(1):48-51. https://doi.org/10.1287/opre.50.1.48.17791. In context, it's clear Bellman is talking about DoD spending on basic math/research specifically, not math in general. As to why the DoD was cutting spending, Eisenhower ...


5

simplicio's answer certainly provides the correct historical context. Adding to his answer, the quote is also found in Bellman's autobiography, p.159 - which seems to be the original source. Immediately after the sentences you quoted, Bellman continues: [...] hatred of the word research. I'm not using the term lightly; I'm using it precisely. His face would ...


2

According to one history that I've read, denazification was done more thoroughly by the former Soviet Union than by the Western powers, although mainly on class lines. The Weatern Powers were concerned more with the growing 'threat' of communism hence it's likely Operation Paperclip was seen as non-controversial as they saw it simply as harnessing German ...


2

According to Boris Chertoks, Rockets and People, a four volume memoir on the Soviet rocket programme and the most cited text in this area, several hundred Nazi era German scientists were brought into the programme and whilst he mentions contributions by them during their first year there in 1946, they hardly figure in subsequent years. The official record is ...


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