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7 votes

Did Ibn Al-Haytham believe that the Moon reflects sunlight or that it is self-luminous?

English translations of Ibn Al-Haytham's optical treatises are available from Proceedings of the Celebrations of 1000th Anniversary by the Hamdard National Foundation of Pakistan. The mismatch in the ...
Conifold's user avatar
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6 votes

What is the evidence for the existence of Geber?

See Lawrence Principe, The Secrets of Alchemy (2013, The University of Chicago Press), page 33-on for Jabir and the Jabirian Corpus: "a person who played as large a role in Arabic alchemy as ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
5 votes

I'm looking for books of Muslim scholars/scientists who have had some influence in the development of modern science

I would like to mention: J. L. Berggren, Mathematik im mittelalterlichen Islam, 2010 M. Paty, Rationalités comparées des contenus mathématiques, 2002, Colloque des sciences arabes Michael Morgan: ...
Laurent Duval's user avatar
5 votes
Accepted

What does this 1200 AD eye diagram say?

The following is a summary and translation. The manuscript OP had is what the detailed eye looks like according to Hunayn ibn Ishaq an influential Nestorian Christian translator, scholar, physician, ...
SPARSE's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

Did the medieval Islamic scholar al-Tusi state the principle of conservation of mass?

TL;DR Not really. In Soviet times there was a joke about the tendency of Soviet scholars to trace the origins of everything to Russian contributions: Russia is the motherland of elephants. I think ...
Conifold's user avatar
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3 votes

Did the earliest inklings of hyperbolic geometry come from medieval Islamic mathematicians?

From Boris A. Rosenfeld and Adolf P. Youschkevitch (1996), "Geometry", in Roshdi Rashed, ed., Encyclopedia of the History of Arabic Science, Vol. 2, p. 447–494 [470], Routledge, London and ...
Mauricio's user avatar
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2 votes
Accepted

Reference request concerning an alleged Jewish contribution to the early theory of light refraction, and to the first geometry textbook in Europe

Possible sources : For Dioscorides, we have Moses Hamon that owned a famous Ms of De Materia Medica (later known as : Vienna Dioscurides) and sold it, through Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq (a Flemish ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
2 votes

Was ibn Sina the only Muslim physician who influenced modern medicine?

As you yourself indicated, many works of mediaeval medicine from the Islamic world were translated into Latin, and they were indeed among the first printed books in Europe. Apart from Avicenna and ...
fdb's user avatar
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