16 votes
Accepted

Why was Hausdorff not able to move to United States from Nazi Germany?

To convert my comment to an answer: According to the the book "Jewish Mathematicians in German-Speaking Academic Culture," Springer Verlag, 2012, specifically 11. Dismissals and Exile, ...
Moishe Kohan's user avatar
  • 1,746
15 votes

Famous scientists in the Nazi party

The most famous mathematicians who were the members of NSDAP are Ludwig Bieberbach and Oswald Teichmüller.
Alexandre Eremenko's user avatar
9 votes

Famous scientists in the Nazi party

The mathematician who would have been famous had he not been a member of the SS / Nazi Party and died in a POW camp is, I think, Gerhard Gentzen. He invented/rigourously described natural deduction ...
Willemien's user avatar
  • 303
8 votes
Accepted

Who are the mathematicians Cammaille and Schouder, mentioned by Heisenberg when recalling mathematicians who died during the Second World War?

Julius Pawel Schauder was a very famous mathematician. He worked in Lwow (Lviv, Lvov, Lemberg). He is remembered for the "Leray-Schauder degree", and "Leray-Schauder Theorem", this ...
Alexandre Eremenko's user avatar
8 votes

Who are the mathematicians Cammaille and Schouder, mentioned by Heisenberg when recalling mathematicians who died during the Second World War?

“Cammaille” or “Camaille” sound like misspellings for Jean Cavaillès. This seems confirmed by CERN Bulletin Issue No. 18/1999, which on page 15 (numbered 2) quotes Catherine Chevalley: Heisenberg ...
Francois Ziegler's user avatar
7 votes

Why didn't Germany succeed in building a nuclear bomb in second world war?

On my opinion, there are two important reasons: a) German government did not press the matter. Nobody convinced it that the thing is plausible and important. (In the US there was a lobby who could ...
Alexandre Eremenko's user avatar
7 votes

Who are the mathematicians Cammaille and Schouder, mentioned by Heisenberg when recalling mathematicians who died during the Second World War?

For the second one, see: Maria Georgiadou, Constantin Carathéodory: Mathematics and Politics in Turbulent Times (2013), page 584: the mathematician Schauder [...]. The name is wrongly spelled as "...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
6 votes

What led to the fall of Göttingen?

MacLane's article "Mathematics at Göttingen under the Nazis" is a very vivid first hand account of the time 1931-33. MacLane writes: ... in 1933 eighteen mathematicians left or were driven out ...
user313032's user avatar
6 votes

Famous scientists in the Nazi party

After the Second World War, Operation Paperclip was started to bring certain top German scientists to America. Many of these had worked on military applications for the Nazis (developing rockets etc.),...
auden's user avatar
  • 193
4 votes

Did Heisenberg defend that Germany should rule Europe?

The following is taken from H.Casimir, "Haphazard Reality: Half a Century of Science," Amsterdam University Press, 2010, pp. 207-210. I added some paragraph breaks since the text is hard to ...
Moishe Kohan's user avatar
  • 1,746
4 votes

Famous scientists in the Nazi party

He introduced groupoids and did some work on quadratic forms and quaternions, but I don't think he is considered a famous scientist: Heinrich Brandt. However, he was a very active Nazi, being a member ...
Ben's user avatar
  • 792
3 votes

Was 'Operation Paperclip' controversial at the time?

According to one history that I've read, denazification was done more thoroughly by the former Soviet Union than by the Western powers, although mainly on class lines. The Weatern Powers were ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
2 votes

What did the Soviets do with German scientists after WWII?

According to Boris Chertoks, Rockets and People, a four volume memoir on the Soviet rocket programme and the most cited text in this area, several hundred Nazi era German scientists were brought into ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
2 votes

Why didn't Germany succeed in building a nuclear bomb in second world war?

By accident I stumbled upon a recent article about the topic in a german science journal: http://www.spektrum.de/magazin/warum-es-hitlers-atombombe-nie-gab/1427403 It is based on a the following ...
asmaier's user avatar
  • 241
1 vote

Was there something like "Entartete Wissenschaft" in Nazi Germany?

Yes, there was definitely "Jewish science" in Nazi thought. Deutsche Physik attempted to purge Jewish influence from science. It was not entirely successful, in that while many Jews fled ...
Mary's user avatar
  • 619
1 vote

Why didn't Germany succeed in building a nuclear bomb in second world war?

As regards the Soviet's quick progress on the bomb please read Dark Sun which is Richard Rhodes second book on the making of the atomic bomb. Early on he describes the wholesale shipping of plane ...
Elliot's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote

Why didn't Germany succeed in building a nuclear bomb in second world war?

Given enough time and resources, the Germans would have produced a bomb. What held them back was firstly that they were persecuting a large section of their existing scientific and engineering ...
Steve's user avatar
  • 254
1 vote

Who are the mathematicians Cammaille and Schouder, mentioned by Heisenberg when recalling mathematicians who died during the Second World War?

Max Cosyns, professor at the Free University of Brussels, survived Dachau.
Yves Moreau's user avatar

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