19 votes

Who are the youngest mathematicians that published an original research article in a peer-reviewed journal?

George Bergman, "A number system with an irrational base," Mathematics Magazine, Vol. 31, No. 2, Nov.-Dec. 1957, pp. 98-110. George Mark Bergman is an American mathematician who was born on ...
njuffa's user avatar
  • 6,516
17 votes
Accepted

Are there theorems that have been truly lost?

Archimedes' books, Stomachion and The Method of Mechanical Theorems were lost until rediscovered in 2006. The only known copy is the Archimedes Palimpsest. These two texts comprise many theorems. ...
Eric Towers's user avatar
16 votes
Accepted

How did the publication feat of Einstein's four 1905 Annus Mirabilis papers get through peer review?

I am afraid, you are overprojecting the power and the glory of peer review. Although some instances can be cited as early as 17th century, it only became what it is today with the triumph of publish ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 76k
16 votes

Articles published without their authors being aware

In theoretical physics, the celebrated 1948 Alpher–Bethe–Gamow paper, or αβγ paper on cosmic nucleosynthesis. Bethe's name was thrown in, unbeknownst to him, at first, as a practical joke, for which G ...
Cosmas Zachos's user avatar
13 votes
Accepted

When and where did scientific publications become the norm in mathematics?

The earliest journals were multidisciplinary, they were published by academies since the second half of 17th century. Before that time, communication was only by books and letters. Letters sometimes ...
Alexandre Eremenko's user avatar
13 votes
Accepted

Can we estimate the first appearance of popular science books?

As noted in @Conifold's comment, identifying the first popular science book is an impossible task. Before the specialization of science that accelerated during the 19th century, there was often little ...
David Bailey's user avatar
  • 1,222
13 votes

Who are the youngest mathematicians that published an original research article in a peer-reviewed journal?

Arthur Leonard Rubin submitted the following paper at age 12.5 -- he was born in Feb 1956 and the paper was submitted in Nov 1968: Arthur L. Rubin and Jean E. Rubin, Extended operations and relations ...
Dave L Renfro's user avatar
11 votes
Accepted

What was the main language in science/mathematics before 1850

For what it’s worth, here are the languages of the 1645 math/phys paper and book titles from the years 1690–1919 in a bibtex file I have. Of course unscientific with all kinds of biases, but I imagine ...
Francois Ziegler's user avatar
11 votes

Are there examples of influential scientific articles first rejected and later proved to be valid?

As user njuffa has commented, my original answer was not strictly to the letter of the OP. Here are some other examples : Fermi's 1933 paper on the weak interaction. Gell-Mann's 1953 paper on the ...
nwr's user avatar
  • 6,859
10 votes

Diagrams in early Mathematical Paper Publication

Two points: @Nick R: I don't think geometers doing pure or analytic geometry wanted to avoid diagrams. They were educated with Euclides, reasoning on figures/diagrams. This trend (doing geometry ...
Jean Marie Becker's user avatar
10 votes

Writing Mathematical Symbols in 20th century

I was one of those secretaries that knew how to use those beasts. In fact, I used a manual typewriter (not a Selectric) to type these formulas for the 30 chemists I worked for at General Tire in the ...
Karen's user avatar
  • 101
10 votes

Can we estimate the first appearance of popular science books?

Robert Hooke's 1665 book Micrographia: or Some Physiological Descriptions of Minute Bodies Made by Magnifying Glasses. With Observations and Inquiries Thereupon predates Somerville by about one-...
nwr's user avatar
  • 6,859
9 votes

Diagrams in early Mathematical Paper Publication

Probably not what you are really asking. But it seems interesting anyway. This page of Euclid is from the Ninth Century. There is a diagram. It has other modern innovations, such as spaces between ...
Gerald Edgar's user avatar
  • 10.3k
8 votes

Are there theorems that have been truly lost?

The Rogers-Ramanujan identities? The formulas have a curious history, having been proved by Rogers (1894) in a paper that was completely ignored, then rediscovered (without proof) by Ramanujan ...
Gerald Edgar's user avatar
  • 10.3k
8 votes
Accepted

Publishing the Principia

Some info from : I.B. Cohen, Introduction to Newton's Principia, 1978, page 138 : No one knows for certain just how large the edition of the Principia was. Rouse Ball reckoned it to be some 250 ...
Mauro ALLEGRANZA's user avatar
8 votes

Who are the youngest mathematicians that published an original research article in a peer-reviewed journal?

Daniel Larsen published his "Bertrand's Postulate for Carmichael Numbers" in International Mathematics Research Notices at age 19.
José Hdz. Stgo.'s user avatar
7 votes

Why are stolen mathematical results attributed to the thief?

The case of Cardano is clear: unlike Tartaglia, he published the result. By modern standards a result has to be published for any claim of priority. People read books and papers and refer on them. ...
Alexandre Eremenko's user avatar
7 votes

Time for big results to become widely recognized in the scientific community

There is no point in giving examples on the second question, because for most truly groundbreaking results this time is really short. On the first question, one can mention almost all results of ...
Alexandre Eremenko's user avatar
7 votes

Time for big results to become widely recognized in the scientific community

Discovery of non-Euclidean geometries in 19th century, it took about 40-50 years for them to get accepted.
Moishe Kohan's user avatar
  • 1,746
7 votes

Publication of mathematical papers in journals of enemy country

I just looked through the WWII issues of Crelle's Journal: Volume 182 (1940) contains four papers by Philip Hall in Cambridge. The first two had been submitted in the summer of 1939, before the war; ...
Torsten Schoeneberg's user avatar
6 votes

Time for big results to become widely recognized in the scientific community

From an article by Freeman Dyson: In the year 1865, Maxwell published his paper 'a dynamical theory of the electromagnetic field' ... we, with the advantage of hindsight can clearly see that his ...
Mozibur Ullah's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

Did Cambridge change their BSc policy for Ramanujan?

It does not appear that Cambridge changed the policy for Ramanujan, although they did use a rather atypical degree they had for him (Bachelor of Arts by Research, not Bachelor of Science by Research). ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 76k
6 votes

Are there theorems that have been truly lost?

I did once write an email to Robert Geroch, because an unpublished paper of his was listed as a bibliographical reference in a paper of Hajicek, which contained a few theorems regarding non-Hausdorff ...
Slereah's user avatar
  • 865
6 votes

Do the titles starting with "On the ..." have a historical tradition?

Yes, it does. Ignoring the differences between Greek Περὶ, Latin De, etc., the tradition of starting titles with a preposition predates Aristotle, e.g. Eudoxus wrote On Speeds, where he described his ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 76k
6 votes
Accepted

Why did Einstein stop publishing so many papers in Annalen der Physik?

It is true that after 1914 (and the "Foundations of General Relativity" article), Einstein only published a few articles, exclusively replies to criticism, in the Annalen der Physik. The major reason ...
Jim's user avatar
  • 116
6 votes

Do Nobel prizes tend to go to theorists or experimenters?

Statistically, experimenters are typically favored. One reason is that theories are only Nobelized when confirmed, and that may take too long for getting the prize. Another is that new experimental ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 76k
6 votes

Articles published without their authors being aware

Probably the most famous historical example is the Tartaglia-Cardano affair, where Cardano published the solution to a case of depressed cubic he learned from Tartaglia in Ars Magna after swearing on ...
Conifold's user avatar
  • 76k
6 votes

Articles published without their authors being aware

I have a paper with 5 co-authors which was written and submitted to a journal without my approval, and even without notifying me about it. The editor handling the paper informed me about it but it ...
markvs's user avatar
  • 882
6 votes

Who are the youngest mathematicians that published an original research article in a peer-reviewed journal?

John von Neumann published his first co-authored paper ''On the position of zeroes of certain minimum polynomials'' with Michael Fekete at the age of 18. His first solo paper ''On the introduction of ...
Hollis Williams's user avatar

Only top scored, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible