36

The Russians picked up a similar number of "rocket scientists" as the West, but the lesser ones. These were taken to newly-constructed but isolated scientific facilities at places like Gorodomiya Island on a lake northwest of Moscow. They were housed with Russian scientists in relatively comfortable (by Russian standards) facilities, near their place of ...


14

I cannot name a person. But I can describe what probably happened. (My PhD adviser, A. Goldberg was one of the authors of the second volume (1958-1967), and he told me the story). At some point, this publication was criticized by the people who stood much higher in the Soviet hierarchy than the editorial board. Such decisions were usually made secretly by ...


9

Many German scientists were either captured by the Soviet army or were surrended to the Soviets after their capture by Western armies. All of these scientists were enslaved by the Soviets and forced to work on various scientific projects. The experience of one of Germany's greatest scientists, Manfred von Ardenne, is representative. After voluntarily ...


8

Your friend told you an anecdote, possibly in jest, because the truth seems comically twisted beyond recognition. Historical events dating back to 1930-1960s did influence the development of Soviet science in ways more favorable to physics than to biology. Much has changed since then, including cultural attitudes and government funding, but those events did ...


8

Here is a partial translation of a Russian article about the history of semiconductors (part that addresses Soviet contributions): 1948-1950. Not only in the United States, but also in other countries there have been scientific research in the field of semiconductors. For instance, a Soviet physicist V.E. Loshkarev as early as in 1946 discovered the bipolar ...


7

I can add to the answer of Conifold some of my own experience (I was a student and then a teacher in Ukraine in 1970-80-s). Soviet Union had excellent education system, on all levels from elementary school to University. Special emphasis was on science education (mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology). All these subjects were mandatory for all high ...


2

According to Boris Chertoks, Rockets and People, a four volume memoir on the Soviet rocket programme and the most cited text in this area, several hundred Nazi era German scientists were brought into the programme and whilst he mentions contributions by them during their first year there in 1946, they hardly figure in subsequent years. The official record is ...


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