I'm writing a piece of paper and trying to understand, the meaning of word 'science' in the context of history. I'm not a native English speaker and I know I could look up in the dictionary, but my question is when the word 'science' is mentioned, does it usually mean all the scientific outcomes that we have now, or does it mean a general way of discovering and researching?
For example, if one says:
modern science has several issues.
It could mean that the outcome of science has drawbacks, e.g. global warming, or it could mean that the way people do research has limitation, e.g. something has to be seen before it can be studied. Or it means both?
Thanks a lot!