19

I too was told this story, by my father as we drove through Nobel, Ontario. While the main purpose of dynamite may never have been warfare, it most certainly was used for that purpose during his lifetime, and he didn't expect or like that very much. As well, he invented a number of other chemicals which were explicitly for use in war, but he didn't feel they ...


15

It is often said that the reason why Einstein's Nobel Prize didn't mention Relativity Theory is the lack of sufficient evidence to the theory of relativity by 1922. But actually, by 1922, the special theory of relativity had been tested for almost all its major and pivotal predictions. The general theory of relativity had passed many highly significant tests ...


13

The time when experimental evidence supporting relativity began to appear coincided with the rise of antisemitism in Germany following Germany's defeat in WWI. Antisemitism was on the rise in Germany; Jews were being scapegoated for the country's defeat in the war. As both Jew and pacifist, Einstein was an obvious target. The complexity of relativity did ...


11

I don't know about the Fields medal, but he could not have won the Nobel prize since the only appropriate one would have been the one in Economics, which was awarded for the first time in 1969, 12 years after his death. And the Turing award was awarded for the first time in 1966, 9 years after his death.


10

Let's first mention that the popular myth that Nobel decided not to fund a prize for mathematicians because his wife was cheating on him with a mathematician (often said to be Gösta Mittag-Leffler) is (predictably) not true. In fact, it's trivially false since Nobel was never married! Furthermore, in the correspondence between him and his lover, there is no ...


8

Here are some prominent examples of unrecognized discoveries; the actual publications should be easily findable online. Note that I've only included omitted discoveries, not omitted individuals (such as Lise Meitner's omission for nuclear fission, or Chien-Shiung Wu's for parity conservation). I've also only included work whose inventor was still alive when ...


7

Here is a list of "Mathematicians who were awarded Nobel prize" taken from this paper 1902 Lorentz (Physics) 1904 Rayleigh (Physics) 1911 Wien (Physics) 1918 Planck (Physics) 1921 Einstein (Physics) 1922 Bohr (Physics) 1929 de Broglie (Physics) 1932 Heisenberg (Physics) 1933 Schroedinger (Physics) 1933 Dirac (Physics) 1945 Pauli (Physics) 1950 ...


7

Seaborg received a Chemistry Nobel in 1951 for exploring the chemistry of transuranic elements. That presumably would include his work with Plutonium during the Manhattan project. I'm pretty sure that's the only one (and it admittedly only sort of counts). Most of the scientific discoveries necessary for the bomb were done in the late 30's. The ...


7

This is not a definitive answer, bu I did not find any proof that the Nazis had prohibited any German scientists from keeping a Nobel Prize. The story of how their medals were kept safe breaks into two parts: the first part is why they sent their medals to Denmark, and the second is why they were dissolved. There seems to be few years gap between the two ...


5

“In Copenhagen again! The brothers Bohr fetched me at the pier, and now I’m established in Niels Bohr’s private palace. I had numerous conversations with the Bohrs and Mrs. Bohr, of course mostly political—but we even managed to talk an hour and a half on ‘the interpretation of quantum mechanics.’ I’m sure we were showing off, the both of us: giving an ...


4

At the inception of the Fields medal it was intended to encourage young mathematicians, hence the age restriction. Nash was famously overlooked for the Fields medal because it was thought that ''he didn't need encouragement'' and was already on his way. Also why did Poincare not win a Nobel Prize in Physics despite being nominated many times? One reason is ...


3

Wilson tells the story in his Nobel lecture of 1978: Thus we seemed to be left with the antenna as the source of our extra noise. We calculated a contribution of $0.9 \text{K}$ from its resistive loss using standard waveguide theory. The most lossy part of the antenna was its small diameter throat, which was made of electroformed copper. We had measured ...


3

@ Geremia, you should really abstain from citing a well-known anti-semite Bjerknes when trying to be objective about Einstein. And no, Special Relativity doesn't "belong" to Poincare and Lorentz but to Einstein. (And it's ludicrous to talk about SR without acknowledging Fitzgerald and Maxwell). Your argument is tantamount to crediting Newton with the full ...


3

It seems that: The rules for the Nobel Prize in Physics require that the significance of achievements being recognized has been "tested by time". In practice it means that the lag between the discovery and the award is typically on the order of 20 years and can be much longer. If we browse the list of Nobel laureates in Physics, we can "inductively" ...


2

This "oversight" of Mr. Nobel's was rectified in 1980 by the Crafoord Prize in mathematics. Now that there is such a prize, it's unlikely that the Nobel Committee will create another one for mathematics, even though the Crafoord Prize is much less well known, Mr. Nobel not only created the prizes, but selected the Swedish academies to award them (except for ...


2

With this help I found this old chat discussion from which I relocated the YouTube video Arno Penzias & Robert Wilson from BBC movie "Hawking" (2004) in which they recount the story, including both the dielectric euphemism and more literal (guttural) term. Note that these are actors, this is historical fiction, so it's not a primary answer to ...


2

A short answer to the question might be that, after the Nobel award to Einstein in 1922, many people were given the impression that it had been awarded for relativity, and that consequently he received few or no further nominations for any second Nobel prize. I recall seeing a biographical statement to this effect (but can't now locate the reference). What ...


2

Merton and Scholes received the 1997 Nobel prize in Economics for the famous Black–Scholes–Merton model, which is a mathematical model for the dynamics of a financial market containing derivative investment instruments and the foundation of mathematical finance.


1

For shared nobel prize..... Suppose two persons share a nobel prize then both will get a medal but prize money will be diveded in two parts depending upon contribution say 50% and 50% or 75% and 25% etc.


1

Among other things (I was present at one of Pauling's lectures), Pauling used examples of Vitamin C levels in various mammals as evidence that humans should use more. FWIW, it was the opinion of most of his peers and colleagues that he had simply lost the power of rational investigation, using slim evidence of vitamin C's ability to strengthen cell walls and/...


1

Alfred Nobel was also one of the world´s biggest weapon manufacturers after having bought the Bofors Industries and started production of cannons. He also invenyed the smokeless gunpowder thus making it possible to see the soldiers at the battlefields and kill them more efficiently.


1

One more slightly different claim is also that Nobel was not in good terms with Mittag Lefler and when he asked someone if a Nobel in math could ever go to Lefler, the person said yes and so Nobel striked off math from his list (which again some claimed contained math as one of the subjects). But the most logical explanation that has ever been put forward ...


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